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Corinthians
Logo corinthians
Full name Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
Nickname(s) Timão (Big Team/Helm)
Time do Povo (The People's Club)
Todo Poderoso (Almighty)
Coringão
Founded September 1, 1910 (1910-09-01) (107 years ago)
Stadium Pacaembu, São Paulo
(capacity: 40,199)
President Mário Gobbi
Head coach Tite
League Série A
2012 Série A, 6th
Website Club home page
33px Current season

Sport Club Corinthians Paulista (Brazilian Portuguese: [sˈpɔʁtʃ ˈklub kʊˈɾĩtʃɐ̃s pawˈlistɐ], commonly known as Timão (IPA: [tʃiˈmɐ̃w] [tiˈmɐ̃w]) or Coringão (IPA: [kʊɾĩˈgɐ̃w]), is a Brazilian multisport club based in the bairro do Tatuapé, which is located in the city of São Paulo. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Corinthians is mostly known for its association football team. They play in the São Paulo state league, as well as the Brasileirão, Brazil's top national league. Corinthians are the reigning World and South American club champions, having won the 2012 FIFA Club World Cup and the 2012 Copa Libertadores.

The club was founded in 1910 by five railway workers from the bairro nobre of Bom Retiro, who became impressed by the performances of London-based club Corinthian Football Club, electing Miguel Battaglia as the club's first president. Since then, their popularity has greatly increased in Brazil. Between 2004 and 2007, three different surveys were conducted by the research firms Ibope, Data Folha and CNT/Sensus to measure which was the favorite football team in Brazil. According to the results, Corinthians was preferred by 13.2% to 14% of the Brazilian population, which represents approximately 24 to 26 millions fans in Brazil

Corinthians are one of Brazil's most successful clubs, having won the have the Brasileirão on five occasions. The Timão also contain in their laurels three Copa do Brasil trophies, one Supercopa do Brasil, two FIFA Club World Cups and one Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious laurel in South America. They have also won the Campeonato Paulista 26 times and the Torneio Rio – São Paulo on five occasions, being the record-holder as the most successful club in those competitions. The club managed to perform a double in 1999, winning both the Paulista and the Brasileirão.

The Timão play their home games at the Pacaembu, which currently holds up to 40,199 spectators. In 2013, Corinthians are due to move to their new home of Arena Corinthians, which will have a capacity of 48,000. Corinthians' home kit is white shirts, with black shorts, accompanied by white socks, this combination has been used since 1920. Nike are the kit manufacturers.

Corinthians is Brazil's richest football club in terms of revenue, with an annual income of R$293m (€118m/$145m) in 2011,[1] and the most valuable club in the nation, worth over R$1.005B (€404m/$496m) in 2012.[2] There are also several Corinthians' organized fan clubs of football factories, among them Gaviões da Fiel, Camisa 12, Coringão Chopp, Pavilhão 9 and Estopim da Fiel.

HistoryEdit

Main article: History of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
File:SCCP 1914.png

In 1910 the football in Brazil was an elitist sport. The top clubs were formed by people who were part of the upper classes. Among them were Club Athletico Paulistano, São Paulo Athletic Club,[3] & Associação Atlética das Palmeiras.[4] Lower class society excluded from larger clubs founded their own minnow clubs & only played "floodplain" football.

Buckling the trend, a group of five workers of the São Paulo Railway, more precisely Joaquim Ambrose and Anthony Pereira (wall painters), Rafael Perrone (shoemaker), Anselmo Correia (driver) and Carlos Silva (general laborer), residents of the neighborhood of Bom Retiro. It was August 31, 1910 when these workers were watching a match featuring an London-based club touring Brazil, Corinthians FC.[5] After the match, while the group returned home, The men spoke of partnerships, business idea's, & general dreams of grandeur. In the mind of each one surfaced a great idea: the foundation of a club, after several exchanges in a lively argument, a common ground led those athletes the same dream. The arguments led to the conclusion that they would meet the next day to make a dream into reality.

September 1, 1910. In anticipation of heavy rains, the group agreed to meet after sundown in public sight. That night at 8:30pm, on Rua José Paulino ("Rua dos Imigrantes" (Immigrants Street)), underneath the glow of an oil lamp the five workers reunited along side their guest & neighbors from Bom Retiro. That night the club was founded, along side with its board of directors who elected Miguel Battaglia as the first Club President.[5]

Corinthians played their first match on September 10, 1910, away against União da Lapa, a respected amateur club in São Paulo; and despite being defeated by 1–0, this match would mark the beginning of a successful era as an amateur club.

On September 14, Luis Fabi scored Corinthians' first goal against Estrela Polar, another amateur club in the city, and Corinthians won their first game 2–0.

File:Corinthians1914Team.jpg

With good results and an increasing number of supporters, Corinthians joined the Liga Paulista, after winning two qualifying games, and played in the São Paulo State Championship for the first time, in 1913. Just one year after joining the league, Corinthians was crowned champion for the first time (in 1914), and were again two years later. There were many fly-by-night teams popping up in São Paulo at the time, and during the first practice held by Corinthians a banner was placed by the side of the field stating "This One Will Last".

File:Teleco1933.jpg

The year of 1922, the Centennial of Brazilian Independence, marks the start of Corinthians hegemony in the São Paulo State Championship. As football was almost exclusively played at Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo by that time, the two state champions were considered to be the two top clubs in Brazil. After defeating the Rio de Janeiro State Championship champion of that year, América, Corinthians joined the company of the great teams in Brazil.

The same year also marked the first of three State Championships in a row, something that happened again in 1928–1930 and 1937–1939.

Corinthians seemed destined to win State Championships in threes; after six years without being a champions, they came won three more from 1937 the 1939. The 1940s were a more difficult time; and the club would win a championship in 1941 and would only win their next in 1951.

At the beginning of the 1950s Corinthians made history in the São Paulo Championship. In 1951, the team composed of Carbone, Cláudio, Luisinho, Baltasar and Mário scored 103 goals in thirty matches of the São Paulo Championship, registering an average of 3.43 per game. Carbone was the top goalscorer of the competition with 30 goals. The club would also win the São Paulo Championships of 1952 and 1954. In this same decade, Corinthians were champions three times of the Rio-São Paulo Championship (1950, 1953 and 1954), the tournament that was becoming most important in the country with the increased participation of the greatest clubs from the two most important footballing states in the country.

In 1953, in a championship in Venezuela, Corinthians won the Small Cup of the World, a championship that many consider as a precursor of the Worldwide Championship of Clubs. On the occasion, Corinthians, substituting for Vasco da Gama, went to Caracas, the Venezuelan capital and recorded six consecutive victories against Roma (1–0 and 3–1), Barcelona (3–2 and 1–0) and Selection of Caracas (2–1 and 2–0). The club would also win the Cup of the Centenary of São Paulo, in the same year (1954).

After the triumphs in the São Paulo Championship and the Rio-São Paulo of 1954, Corinthians had a lengthy title drought. The breakthrough finally came when they won the São Paulo state championship in 1977, breaking a string of 23 years without a major title.

Under the leadership of Sócrates, Wladimir and Casagrande, Corinthians were the first Brazilian club in which players decided about concentração, a common Brazilian practice where the football players were locked up in a hotel days before a game, and discussed politics. (In the early 1980s, military dictatorship, after two decades, ended in Brazil). In 1982, before the election of government of São Paulo State, the team wore a kit with the words: DIA 15 VOTE (Vote on 15th),[6] trying to motivate the biggest number of fans to vote.

In 1990, Corinthians won their first Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, beating their rivals, São Paulo in the final at the opponents' own stadium, Estádio do Morumbi.[7] In the following year, Corinthians beat Flamengo and won the Supercopa do Brasil.[8] In the 1995, the club won the Copa do Brasil for the first time, beating Grêmio in the final at the Estádio Olímpico Monumental in Porto Alegre.[9] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 1995, 1997 and 1999,[10] and won the national championship again in 1998 and in 1999.[11]

In 2000, Corinthians won the first edition of the FIFA Club World Cup, beating Vasco in the final played at the Estádio do Maracanã. To reach the final, Corinthians finished ahead of Real Madrid of Spain, Al-Nasr of Saudi Arabia and Raja Casablanca of Morocco.[12] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 2001 and in 2003[10] and the Copa do Brasil in 2002, beating Brasiliense in the final.[13]

Between 1990 and 2005, the club also won the Ramón de Carranza Trophy in 1996, the Rio-São Paulo Tournament in 2002, the São Paulo Youth Cup in 1995, 1999, 2004, and 2005, and the Dallas Cup in 1999 and 2000.

The club's situation in early 2004 was among the most difficult in their history. Bad administration, lack of money and terrible campaigns both in the 2003 Brazilian Championship and in the 2004 São Paulo State Championship caused their millions of supporters to worry. Fortunately, some young players and a new manager Tite helped the team to improve from their terrible start. At the end of the championship, Corinthians finished in 5th place and gained entry to the Copa Sudamericana (a minor continental championship).

This situation was one of the factors which enabled Corinthians' president, Alberto Dualib, to convince the club's advisors to sign a controversial deal with an international fund of investors called Media Sports Investment. The deal granted the company a large degree of control over the club for 10 years in exchange for large financial investments in return. This has brought many quality players to the team, such as Carlos Tévez, Roger, Javier Mascherano and Carlos Alberto.

Despite the MSI investments, Corinthians experienced a slow start in the 2005 state championship, but managed to improve as it progressed, eventually managing to finish second. Their start to the Brazilian championship during 2005 was difficult, too, but after Daniel Passarella's dismissal (due to an unexpected 5–1 loss to Corinthians' rivals, São Paulo), the club finished the championship round well, and were eventually crowned Brazilian Champions for the fourth time, after a controversial annulment of eleven games due to a betting scandal.

The relationship between Corinthians' managers and the MSI president, Kia Joorabchian was not good, and after being eliminated in the Copa Libertadores, the club experienced a crisis which was responsible for the bad performances for the rest of 2006. Eventually, the partnership came to an end.[14]

On December 2, 2007, following a 1–1 draw away to Grêmio, Corinthians were relegated to the second division.

Corinthians, who won promotion to the top division of Brazilian football for 2009 by winning the Serie B tournament, signed with three-time FIFA Player of the Year Ronaldo.[15][16] In 2009, lead by Ronaldo, Corinthians won their 26th Campeonato Paulista and their third Copa do Brasil. Confirming the club's good moment, Corinthians finished the Campeonato Brasileiro 2010 in 3rd place, granting their place on the subsequent Copa Libertadores. After being eliminated from the South American tournament by the relatively less traditional Deportes Tolima, though, Corinthians saw Ronaldo retire from football. To replace him, the club signed with other 2006 national squad veteran Adriano.[17] In 2011, Corinthians won their fifth national title.

On July 4, after reaching the final of the 2012 Copa Libertadores undefeated, Corinthians won its first title after a two-match final against 6-time champions Boca Juniors by drawing 1-1 in Argentina and accomplishing an inaugural victory at the Estádio do Pacaembu in São Paulo winning 2-0, becoming the ninth Brazilian side to win the Copa Libertadores.[18][19] After this historical title, Corinthians is considered the most valuable club in Brazil.[20] The club won the 2012 FIFA Club World Cup for the second time after defeating English club Chelsea 1–0 on December 16, 2012.[21][22][23]

Kit Edit

Colors Edit

File:Evolução Uniforme Corinthians.png

The Corinthians' shirt had no crest before 1913, when the club joined the Liga Paulista Even though the club has been recognized by the colors black and white for most of their history, the first Corinthians' kit originally consisted of cream shirts and black shorts. But when the shirts were washed, the cream color gradually became white. After that, early in the club's history, the official colors were changed, so the club would not waste much money on buying new kits. In 1954 the black with thin white stripes uniform was introduced, and became the alternative uniform. The original cream color of the first uniform would come back as a reference in 2007, with the golden third uniform. The purple has been associated as a fan color for a long time and, since 2008, has been used as a successful third uniform: in popular culture, a corintiano roxo (purple corintiano) is a fanatic supporter of Corinthians.

Crests Edit

Unlike the shirt, the shield of the Corinthians went through several changes over the years. While the Corinthians disputed only friendlies and "futebol de várzea" (Floodplain Football, Paulista Colloquial language for Amateur Football). The first crest was hastily created for a game against Minas Gerais, it was valid for qualifying for the 1913 Liga Paulista de Football, and was simply composed of the letters "C" and "P" (Corinthians Paulista) laced together.[24] The third shield would be used until the following year, when Hermogenes Barbuy, lithographer and brother of the player Amilcar, created the first official shield, developing a framework for the letters and added the 'S " ( Sport), which premiered at the friendly against Torino (Italy), in Sao Paulo.[25]

Shortly thereafter, the frame gets larger, and from 1919 the distinctive beginning to form the current format, which includes the flag of São Paulo in the center. In 1937, Getúlio Vargas lowered the status of the New State and made a public ceremony with the burning of flags of all States in the Federation, in order to symbolize his desire to strengthen the centralized government. Yet, the flag of São Paulo survived inside the shell of the Corinthians. After the fall of the regime, the freedom to use of regional symbols was once again permitted.[24] In 1939, the shield has won a string around the circle, and the two oars and anchor, in allusion to the club's success in nautical sports. The design was created by a Modernist painter Francisco Rebolo, who played for Corinthians reserve squad in the 1920s. Thereafter, the symbol Corinthian passed through small changes over time, specifically the flag and the frame.[24]

In 1990, the first star was added in reference to the first Brazilian title. The same was done with the achievements of 1998 1999 and 2005, and a larger yellow star above the others, in honor of winning the FIFA World Cup 2000. Before 2011, the Corinthians board decided to remove all the stars.

The Evolution of the Crest of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
1913 1914 1914-1916 1916 1916-1919 1919-1939 1939-1979 1979–Present
120px 120px 120px 120px 120px 120px 120px Logo corinthians

Manufacturer and sponsors Edit

Corinthians began the 2012 Season with Johnson & Johnson Brazilian consumer brand Jontex as its main sponsor.[26] When Corinthians initiated the 2012 Libertadores Campaign a month later, Fiat subsidiary Iveco (Chest) became the main sponsor along side Fisk (Back), Marabraz (Sleeves), & Bom Brill (Shoulders).[27] Prior to the Libertadores Final Iveco approached Corinthians in an attempt to become the exclusive sponsor of Timão, Corinthians rebuffed stating that such a deal would be out of Iveco's financial reach.[28] The latest prices for Corinthians Shirt sponsorships are as follows: (Chest & Back) R$30m (12m/$15m), Sleeves R$15m (6m/$7.5m), Shoulders R$8m (3.2m/$4m), for a total of R$53m (21.3m/$26.5m).[28] On July 7, 2012, It was announced that Corinthians is close to signing an exclusive sponsorship deal lasting until the end of 2012, worth R$68m (27.3m/$34m).[29] This would place Corinthians as the second most expensive shirt in the world, ahead of Juventus (Tamoil) & behind Manchester United (Nike).[30]

File:Camisetacorinthians.JPG
Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1980–1981 Topper None
1982 Bom Brill
1983 Cofap
1984 Citizen
1984 Bic
1984 Corona
1985–1989 Kalunga
1990–1994 Finta
1995–1996 Penalty Suvinil
1996–1998 Banco Excel
1998 Embratel
1999–2000 Topper Batavo
2000–2002 Pepsi
2003–2004 Nike
2005–2007 Samsung
2008 Medial Saúde
2009 Batavo
2010–2012 Hypermarcas
2012 Iveco
2012–2014 Caixa

Facilities Edit

StadiaEdit

File:Pacaembu.jpg

Former StadiaEdit

  • Campo do Lenheiro & Estadio do Bom Retiro:

The first field of the Corinthians was in the neighborhood of Bom Retiro, where the club was founded in 1910. More precisely in the old street of Immigrants, current Rua José Paulino. It was actually a stadium, but a vacant lot owned by a seller of firewood.[31] It was nicknamed "Field Lenheiro." [32] It was the time of the floodplain and the players themselves had to clean and flatten the lawn.[31]

  • Ponte Grande:

In January 1918, Corinthians opened its first stadium, in Great Bridge (now the Bridge of Flags), on the banks of Tiete River.[31] The land was leased from the municipality under the influence of the intellectual Antonio de Alcantara Machado, one of the first to approach the club workers. Stood beside the Campo Forest, AA Palmeiras (the largest city so far) and was built by the players and fans in a community helping system.[31] The Corinthians sending their games remained there until 1927. There has 108 games with 83 wins, 43 draws and 12 defeats. He took 391 goals and 111 goals.[33]

  • Parque São Jorge:

In 1926, the club purchased Parque São Jorge, located within the Tatuapé. The Parque São Jorge belonged to Sports Club Sirius, a rival in the disputes of the football season. After purchase, then-President Ernesto Corinthians Cassano decided to reform the stage, with financial support from the members.[34] While the reforms were carried out, followed the Corinthians sending their matches in the area of Great Bridge. Once stopped reforms in the Parque São Jorge, in 1928, the field of Great Bridge was donated to the Saint Benedict.[34] The renovated Parque São Jorge, still without floodlights, was inaugurated on July 22, in a friendly game against América-RJ.[35] The land purchased with the original included a Syrian farm - hence the nickname "Fazendinha", still used today. It was from here that the Corinthians began to develop and could build up its headquarters.[34]

In Estádio Alfredo Schürig, the official name of "Fazendinha", the club only played in 468 deals, with 346 wins, 60 draws and 62 defeats. 1312 goals were scored by Timão and 480 conceded. The last game played there was a friendly against Brasiliense on August 3, 2002.[35] Currently, the Parque São Jorge is used for training and games of smaller categories. The board has the idea of reforming it, but the plans never leave paper.[34]

PacaembuEdit

With the growing number of fans, Corinthians began operating in major stadiums, in particular, the club has established a relationship with Paulo Machado de Carvalho Stadium, which belongs to the municipality of São Paulo and is best known as Pacaembu Stadium.[36] Some 50,000 fans attended the inauguration of the stadium on April 28 of 1940. The primary pitted Palestra Italia and Coritiba. Then, the game between Corinthians background, then current three-time champion Sao Paulo, and Atletico Mineiro, Corinthians won by 4-2.[36]

The Pacaembu was opened as the largest stadium in the Latin America, with capacity for 70,000 people.[36] In 1942, little more than 70 000 people came to the stadium to watch the match between Corinthians and Sao Paulo, in particular by the attacker Leonidas da Silva, idol-Pauline and are considered the best Brazilian player in his time.[37] The game ended tied at 3-3 and the public was never beaten that game at the stadium. Currently, the Pacaembu has capacity for up to 40,000 spectators.[38]

File:ItaqueraoDigital1.jpg

As the capacity of Pacaembu decreased with time, to 37,000 spectators as of its last improvement in 2008, Corinthians have been forced to play sometimes in rival São Paulo FC's ground, the (Morumbi Stadium), when the expected attendance is greater than Pacaembu's capacity.

Former partner group HTMF bought land in the Raposo Tavares Highway in late 1990s for the stadium construction, but the partnership ended soon after that.

Arena Corinthians Edit

Main article: Arena Corinthians

In late 2006 a NGO called Cooperfiel established a fund drive for a new stadium. The NGO's stated goal is to raise R$300 million (approximately $140 million USD) within a 36-month time frame for the construction of a 60,000 seat venue that would be ceded to the club under an undetermined arrangement. The project finally failed and money earned was given to Corinthians. As of 2009, there are some conjectures that the government of São Paulo might make a deal for a 30-year allotment of Pacaembu. Besides that, Fazendinha is being improved to host some matches and shows starting in 2010.

In August 2010 the president of CBF, Ricardo Teixeira, along with Governor of São Paulo state, Alberto Goldman, and the mayor of São Paulo, Gilberto Kassab announced that the opening ceremony of the World Cup of Brazil will be held in the New Corinthians Stadium to be built in the district of Itaquera, in the eastern part of São Paulo city.[39][40]

Of the R$820 million in the budget, $400 million will be financed through a loan from BNDES to be paid by the Corinthians in conjunction with the construction, the Odebrecht Group, while the remaining R$420 million will be paid by Development Incentive Certificates issued by the City of São Paulo. The issuance of Certificates of Development Incentive for the construction of the stadium corresponds to an ordinance to Encourage Development that is applied to any investment in the East Zone of São Paulo and does not consist of money that the government will pay directly, but indirectly through tax money it will receive.

Training Facility Edit

CT Joaquim Grava Edit

  • Hotel:

There are 32 Bedrooms in Hotel CT Joaquim Grava; 2 players per room during Pre-Season, 1 to a room while in Season. The auditorium in the hotel allows for Lectures & Team meetings. The hotel restaurant seats 60. The hotel is complete with physiotherapy and massage rooms ; offices for the president and the Board of directors, offices for hotel administration, a Locker Room for the visiting team, games rooms, an internet café and a reading room.

  • Annex:

Office of Technology & Statistics; Office of the Logistics Supervisor; a Large shared Multi-Purpose office for Security, Communications & TV Corinthians, & Administrative meeting room

  • Laboratório Corinthians-R9:[41]

an in-house bio-mechanics complex for the main purpose of injury prevention. Machines measure the contact force and velocity of the joints in running, jumping and kicking. Also measured, The force & reaction timing of players during acceleration and deceleration, as well as analysis of how their effort may adversely affects their joints and muscles.

or Centro de Preparação e Reabilitação Osamar da Oliveira (Center for Preparation & Rehabilitation). Gym, physical therapy rooms, heated pools and locker rooms.

  • Press Room:

Seats over 100 Media Officials

  • Team Chapel:

For individual Prayer

  • External Space:

Mini-gym, Courts with approval of FIBA (basketball) and FIVB (volleyball) for official games, outdoor pool, BBQ, & a tennis court.

Club cultureEdit

SupportersEdit

FielEdit

File:Republica P Corinthians.jpg

The Corinthians fans is fondly called "Faithful." One of the most memorable moments was favored by its fans in 1976, in that year's Championship semifinal, when tens of thousands of Corinthians Fans were in Rio de Janeiro to watch the game at Maracana Stadium. The event was recorded in history as the "Corinthian Invasion" (ptInvasão Corinthiana). This was also the largest audience recorded in a match involving the Alvinegro at Brazil's then largest stadium. The largest crowd of the Morumbi Stadium was recorded at an October 13, 1977, where just over 146,000 people attended a game between Corinthians and Ponte Preta, the second match of the that year's Championship's finals. Corinthians also holds the largest crowd for that year Championship. In Pacaembu, Corinthians holds nine out of ten largest audiences in the stadium's history. The record attendance at Pacaembu was at a game between Corinthians and Sao Paulo in 1942, which had more than 70,000 spectators.

"Bando do Loucos" (The Gang of The Crazy), one of the nicknames of the Corinthians crowd. According to a number of research institutes, as Ibope and Datafolha, besides Score Magazine, Corinthians holds the second largest crowd in Brazil with about 25 million fans around the country - behind only Flamengo of Rio. Nearly 15 million of these supporters are concentrated in São Paulo, where the team of the Parque São Jorge outnumber São Paulo and Palmeiras' fans added - two of their biggest rivals. Another 10 million "faithful "are scattered throughout the rest of Brazil. In Minas Gerais, the "Timão" has more than a million fans and is the fourth largest crowd in this state - only behind locals Cruzeiro and Atlético, and again Rio's Flamengo. In the south of the country, Corinthians are only behind Grêmio & International. Parana is the only state in which Corinthians is the most popular team outside of São Paulo, where 1.8 million alvinegros outnumber Atlético Paranaense & Coritiba fans.

File:Gavioescarnaval.jpg

Outside the South / Southeast regions, Corinthians is consolidated as the second most popular team in the country. At Centro Oeste, Norte, and Nordeste regions, they also have the second largest fanbase. Corinthians have a strong presence of supporters in states like Pernambuco(according to research Ibope/2010 are almost 700,000 fans, behind only the two main local teams: Sport and Náutico (according to DataFolha Timão already stands as the second largest crowd of the State).

Corinthians’ fans are famous for being passionate about the team and loyal supporters. In April 2009, the club released a tribute documentary to their fans. Named "Fiel" (Faithful). The documentary highlights the fans' support in one of the most difficult moments in the team’s history: when it was demoted to the national second division in 2007. Directed by Andrea Pasquini and written by Serginho Groisman and Marcelo Rubens Paiva, the documentarie shows several fans and players’ testimonials.

In 2009, another documentary about the fan's love for the team was released. Directed by Di Morreti, "23 Anos em 7 Segundos – O Fim do Jejum Corinthiano" (23 Years in seven Seconds - The End of the Corinthian Drought), which portrays the historical moment when, in 1977, Corinthians won the Campeonato Paulista, after 23 years without winning any Championships.

Torcidas OrganizadasEdit

The Club is acknowledged for the biggest and most influential torcidas organizadas (Ultras) in Brazil.

File:Corinthiansarquibancada.jpg
  • Gaviões da Fiel:[43] (Hawks of the Faithful)

Motto: "Lealdade, Humildade e Procedimento" (Loyalty, Humility & Procedure)
Gaviões da Fiel was founded on 1 July 1969, but its ideology began to be thought of before. In 1965, young Corinthians fans gathered in the stands in order to question the political and administrative life of the Corinthians. The members gathered in different locations, members homes, workplaces, & public squares. This group was distinguished by a passion for the club and have characteristics idealizing and fulfilling. The foundation of Gaviões, on 1 July 1969, came during a bleak time for Brazilians, ad mist the military dictatorship. At a time when freedom of expression was virtually nonexistent, these young fans began to attempt recover political and administrative control of Corinthians. The Corinthians were under the administration of Wadih Helu, who for years tried to prevent the creation of the Gaviões through several reprisals. This persecution was not enough to make them give up and gradually his ideas were maturing. "I had decided that the name of the club should contain faithful, as well as the fans were already known to the Corinthians that even after 15 years without winning a single title, crowds took to the stage." What was simply an utopia of young lovers and revolutionary thoughts turned into reality: Gaviões da Fiel was born. However, the persecution of the managers of the Corinthians is not over. There were many attempts to escape the ideas of these young people. However, in 1972, Wadih plate Helu lost the election to Miguel Martinez, who took command of the Corinthians. The Hawks of the Faithful attempted unprecedented act in its history: the overthrow of a Military Dictator took precedence over the Timão. Miguel Martinez, even though it was supported by the Hawks of the Faithful, tried to influence its founders, so that they would not pressure the new administration of the club and not put into practice some of their politically revolutionary ideas. In July 1971, the Gaviões underwent its first political crisis, as one of the founders accepted the proposal of the Corinthians to leave Gavioes da Fiel & create a more moderate / Non-Politicized Torcida. Like everything that involves the Corinthians and passion of its fans, the Hawks of the Faithful loomed up and multiplied, rapidly assuming the position of the largest organized supporters of Brazil. The attitude of these young people began to increasingly disturbing the Dictatorship, especially when the Hawks of the Faithful had spoken publicly against the military dictatorship, displaying a banner in a match at Morumbi asking for “Anistia ampla, geral e irrestrita” (Widespread amnesty, blatant & unrestricted). This protest led to the conviction of then Gaviões president, being the first public entity to openly manifest itself against the regime.

Currently, the torcida has 92,932 members (July 30, 2011), The largest Organized Torcida in Brazil.[44]

File:Festa da Fiel.jpg
  • Camisa 12:[45] (The 12th Shirt)

Motto: "O Jogador das arquibancadas" (The player of the terraces)
Camisa 12 was founded in August 1971, The Non-Politicized off-shoot of Gaviões da Fiel. The greatest moment for the torcida came in 1976, during "Invasão Corintiana", in a memorable semi-final against Fluminense, Camisa 12 actively participated. When Over 70,000 Corinthians fans from Sao Paulo made the 280 mile trip to Rio da Janiero's Maracana Stadium with scores of Flags, Banners, & Percussion Ensembles. The attenance for that match was 147,000+.[46]

Over 15,000 Members

  • Pavilhão Nove:[47] (The Pavilion Nine)

Motto: "Preso por uma só Paixão" (Incarcerated by a single passion)
It was founded on September 9, 1990 by nine Timão fans in honor of the team Football Carandiru House of Detention. The symbol adopted was from the Disney Cartoon DuckTales of its antagonists The Beagle Boys. The torcida grew out of a social program carried out in Carandiru Penitentiary, once the largest prison in Latin American (Now Demolished) & site of the Carandiru Massacre. Where a group of friends, young fans of Corinthians, formed a team and promoting a charity football match against a team of Carandiru detainees, mainly composed of Corinthians supporters, all from the ninth pavilion of the institution, hence its name. This group, through raffles, promotions and sports culture contributions, began to raise funds for the making banners and flags to divulge the its philosophy on games in the stadiums of the Corinthians. The idea of creating an organized torcida was and to mature on September 9, 1990 officially became a Corinthians Organized Torcida, christened The Pavilion Nine.[48]

Over 12,000 Members

File:FielCelebrandoLibertadores.jpg
  • Estopim da Fiel:[49] (The Faithful's Fuse)

Motto: "Raça e Atitude" (Bravery & Demeanor)
Estopim da Fiel, founded on January 5, 1979 finds its roots in the 1976 "Invasão Corintiana". A Group of fans from the Diadema neighboorhood of Sao Paulo participated in the invasion of Maracana Stadium, celebrated in the stand with a flag & a banner that read, "Estopim da Fiel" & "Corinthianos do Diadema".[50]

  • Fiel Macabra:[51] (Macabre Faithful)

Motto: "A Mais Fanática do Interior" (The Most Fanatical in the Interior)
Fiel Macabra, Founded on October 4, 1993 in Bauru, SP. This torcida was founded by a group of friends that regularly met in Bauru cafeteria. After its initial 3 years, it opened an official headquarter in Bauru, with 5 other offices following soon at the interior of São Paulo. With about 1,800 Members, it is the team's largest ultras in the interior of São Paulo.

File:Torcidacorinthians12.JPG
  • Coringão Chopp:[52] (Draught Beer Corinthians)

Motto: "Torcer e Beber pelo Corinthians" (Drink & Root for Corinthians)
Coringão Chopp, Founded on October 14, 1989. This torcida's origins begin in the 1980s on a Greater São Paulo courtyard. The local was frequented by a group of friends who met casually to play street football & drink beers together after Corinthians games. In 1989, These friends decided frequent Corinthians matches as a unit, They began by going in separate cars. That year their group of friends grew, all them from Greater São Paulo, mainly The ABC Region & their courtyard became a "Meeting Point" for the masses of new friends. That same year, the owner of the courtyard known as Dinho was discussing the sheer volume of Corinthians Fans that considered his courtyard as a Pre-match meeting point. It was that moment when Dinho & friends realized that they had the numbers to create an organized torcida. The members of the newly created torcida, reached a simple agreement on what to name themselves. They agreed that they both had a passion for Corinthians & Chopp (Draught beer). After years of growth in membership, respect, & acceptance, the torcida moved out of the Courtyard & set up a headquarters in Diadema.[53]

Over 6,000 Members

  • Regional/Local:

Many of the Torcidas above have Sub-sedes (Branch Offices) established by fans living outside of São Paulo. Gavioes in particular has 10, 8 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Brasilia, & 1 International Japan. Camisa 12 with 8, 6 In-State, 2 Out-of-State Minas Gerais & Espírito Santo. Pavilhão Nove with 10, 9 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Mato Grosso do Sul. Estopim da Fiel with 10, 8 In-State, 2 Out-of-State Parana & Minas Gerais. Fiel Macabra with 6, 5 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Rio Grande do Sul. Coringão Chopp with 5, all in-state.

RivalriesEdit

File:Palestra Itália x Corinthians - Anos 20.jpg
  • Derby Paulista is a crosstown fixture between Corinthians and Palmeiras, consistently cited as one of the greatest rivalries worldwide by FIFA,[54] CNN,[55] The Daily Mail,[56] & Others. Palmeiras was founded by a group of Italians who were formerly members of Corinthians.[57] Since 1914, when that treasonous act was taken upon these former supporters, a deep-seated hatred was born.[57] The Derby atmosphere is fierce on and off the pitch, as violence is a norm between the clubs.[58] The stark contrast in recent success is an indicator that Corinthians has the upper hand in this historically evenly matched rivalry. In the last 15 years, Corinthians claimed 14 titles against Palmeiras' 4.
  • Clássico Majestoso is a crosstown fixture between Corintians and São Paulo. The Derby dates back to 1935, at the final re-founding São Paulo after being thrice defunct. Corinthians possesses the largest amount of supporters in the state (25 Million), whereas Sao Paulo's lies in second place (16 Million). The Clássico's most memorable match is the 1990 Campenato Brasileiro finals, which led to Corinthians first national title. The rivalry is one sided favoring Corinthians, who affectionately refer to their opponents as freguês (Portuguese word for customer, and a recurrent jest for someone who, more than often, is defeated in football matches).
  • Clássico Alvi-negro is a regional fixture between Corintians and Santos.'Alvi-negro' is given after the colors worn by both both teams, black and white (Alvi, from Latin albus, white, and negro, black). The rivalry heavily favors Corinthians, where Corinthians 7-1 blowout victory against Santos in 2005 still remains a fresh memory for many fans.[59] The Classico reached one of its highest stages when Corinthians met Santos in the Semi-Finals of Libertadores 2012. Corinthians won 3-1 on aggregates, causing enraged Santos supporters at Vila Belmiro to a confrontation against Sao Paulo Military Police, and lights at Santos home stadium being shut off.[60]
  • Other Rivalries: Derby dos Invictos (Derby of the Undefeated), Corinthians and Portuguesa is crosstown rivalry. Corinthians vs Ponte Preta is an in-state rivalry that peaked in the 1977 Campeonato Paulista final, which lead to Ponte Preta's greatest Paulista Finish (runner-up). Classico das Multidões (Classic of The Masses) is an inter-state rivalry pegging the two most supported teams in Brazil: Corinthians and Flamengo. Corinthians and Vasco lead to great match ups and some rivalry recently, mostly after Vasco winning the Brasileirão in 1997 and 2000, and Corinthians in 1998 and 1999. Their greatest match coincided with the first FIFA Club World Cup in 2000, with a Corinthians victory in the penalty shootout. Corinthians also won the 2011 Brasileirão in the last round of the season, two points over the runner-ups Vasco. Corinthians saved Vasco from their usual runner-up fate by defeating the cariocas in 2012 Libertadores Quarterfinals.
Rival Pld W D L GF GA GD Win % Loss %  %D α Pld W D L GF GA GD Win % Loss %  %D α Last Match Next Match Honors
All-Time 21st century Date Location Competition Result Date Location Competition
In-State
Palmeiras[61][62] 7002341000000000000341 7002118000000000000118 7002102000000000000102 7002121000000000000121 7002454000000000000454 7002497000000000000497 −43 700134600000000000034.60 35.48 -1.73 .384 700137000000000000037 700116000000000000016 700110000000000000010 700111000000000000011 700152000000000000052 700149000000000000049 +3 700143240000000000043.24 29.72 13.52 .3726 6/24/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão 1-0 9/15/2012 Arena Barueri Brasileirão 1999 Paulistao
São Paulo[63][64] 7002294000000000000294 7002113000000000000113 700192000000000000092 700189000000000000089 7002433000000000000433 7002395000000000000395 +38 700138440000000000038.44 30.27 8.17 .1747 700140000000000000040 700114000000000000014 700113000000000000013 700113000000000000013 700155000000000000055 700152000000000000052 +3 700135000000000000035.00 32.5 2.5 .9285 2/12/2012 Pacaembu Paulistão 1-0 8/26/2012 Morumbi Brasileirão 1990 Brasileirao
Santos[65][66] 7002306000000000000306 7002123000000000000123 700186000000000000086 700197000000000000097 7002560000000000000560 7002477000000000000477 +83 700140200000000000040.20 31.18 8.51 .0290 700141000000000000041 700114000000000000014 70008000000000000008 700118000000000000018 700162000000000000062 700161000000000000061 +1 700134150000000000034.15 43.9 -9.75 .1017 6/20/2012 Pacaembu Libertadores 1-1 8/19/2012 Vila Belmiro Brasileirão 2012 Libertadores Semis
Portuguesa[67][68] 7002251000000000000251 7002141000000000000141 700151000000000000051 700159000000000000059 7002509000000000000509 7002329000000000000329 +180 700156180000000000056.18 23.5 32.68 .0001 700115000000000000015 70008000000000000008 70003000000000000003 70004000000000000004 700134000000000000034 700118000000000000018 +16 700153330000000000053.33 26.66 26.66 .2466 2/22/2012 Canindé Paulistão 0-2 7/21/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão
Ponte Preta[69][70] 7002128000000000000128 700174000000000000074 700130000000000000030 700124000000000000024 7002239000000000000239 7002129000000000000129 +110 700157810000000000057.81 18.75 39.06 .0001 700130000000000000030 700118000000000000018 70003000000000000003 70009000000000000009 700161000000000000061 700138000000000000038 +23 700160000000000000060.00 30 30 .0033 6/17/2012 Majestoso Brasileirão 0-1 9/11/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão 1977 Paulistao
Out-of-State
Flamengo[71][72] 7002119000000000000119 700146000000000000046 700126000000000000026 700147000000000000047 7002181000000000000181 7002190000000000000190 −9 700138660999999999938.66 39.16 -0.83 .9710 700125000000000000025 70006000000000000006 700111000000000000011 70008000000000000008 700134000000000000034 700138000000000000038 −4 700124000000000000024.00 32 -8 .6236 7/18/2012 Engenhão Brasileirão 0-3 10/13/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão
Vasco da Gama[73][74] 7002108000000000000108 700143000000000000043 700130000000000000030 700135000000000000035 7002157000000000000157 7002154000000000000154 +3 700139810000000000039.81 32.4 7.41 .3029 700126000000000000026 70008000000000000008 700111000000000000011 70007000000000000007 700128000000000000028 700125000000000000025 +3 700130770000000000030.77 26.92 3.85 .7116 5/23/2012 Pacaembu Libertadores 1-0 8/5/2012 São Januário Brasileirão 2000 FIFA Club World Cup
Atlético Mineiro[75][76] 700183000000000000083 700133000000000000033 700123000000000000023 700127000000000000027 7002127000000000000127 7002114000000000000114 +13 700139760000000000039.76 32.53 7.23 .4049 700122000000000000022 700112000000000000012 70005000000000000005 70005000000000000005 700138000000000000038 700130000000000000030 +8 700154550000000000054.55 22.72 31.83 .0718 5/27/2012 Independência Brasileirão 1-0 9/1/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão


Legend:
     Statistically Inferior to Corinthians.
     Statistically Superior to Corinthians .
     Winning Percentage > Opponent.
     Winning Percentage < Opponent.
     Statistically Significant α.
     Statistically Insignificant α.
     Home.
     Away.
     Win.
     Draw.
     Loss.

SymbolsEdit

File:Statue dArtagnan.jpg
  • Musketeer:

Corinthians' official mascot is the Musketeer, a symbol of bravery, audacity and fighting spirit. The adoption of that character recalls the first years of the club.

In 1913 most of the leading football clubs in São Paulo State founded the APEA (Paulista Athletic Sports Association). The depleted Paulista League was left with only Americano, Germania and Internacional, known as the "three musketeers" of São Paulo football. Corinthians joined the three as D'Artagnan, being the fourth and most adored musketeer, just like in Alexandre Dumas, père's novel The Three Musketeers. To be accepted in that "musketeers universe",

Corinthians had to show their bravery. As there was many other teams who coveted the spot in the Liga Paulista, Corinthians participated in a selective tournament against Minas Gerais and São Paulo, two other great teams of Paulista amateur football at that time. The Corinthian team beat Minas 1–0 and São Paulo 4–0, earning acceptance into the group and acquiring the right to participate in the Special Division of the Paulista League in the following year.

  • Saint George:

An important symbol for Corinthians is Saint George/(Ogum). Saint George is one of the most revered Catholic Saints in Brazil, a nation with a blend of cultures. The collusion between African & European cultures is seen in Brazil's definition of São Jorge as a mash between Catholicism & Western African Mythology. The comparison may be drawn the entities similar characteristics; St George, the soldier who protects those who pray to him; Ogum God of War who serves the communities who believe in him. it is this warrior demeanor that made Corinthians fans indebted to São Jorge.

Corinthians began as a small team for the lower classes of Sao Paulo, even though they obtained initial success. Lack of respect for the working class by forced Corinthians to leave their Sao Paulo State Football League in protest. after multiple championships Timão made its largest leap in prestige in the founding of a Corinthians' Headquarters, 1926. The creation of said headquarters became the first fusion of Timão & São Jorge. The land purchased for the headquarters was formerly Parque São Jorge (St. George Park) at 777 Rua São Jorge, São Paulo, SP.

Corinthians support for São Jorge became fanatical during the decade of the 60's, Between 1954 and 1977, Corinthians failed to add to its gallery of conquests and the Corinthian Nation lived the hardest moments of its history. While the stream struggled in the 60's, fan recanted that they were blessed by a "Santo Guerreiro" (Warrior Saint). In the early 60's the lack of success lingered in the minds of fans & gave birth to a utilization of the blessings of São Jorge. this caused Corinthians to erect a chapel in honor of the saint, in order to strengthen the clubs resolve via mysticism. 1969, after the death of two players Lidu & Eduardo, the funeral was held in Capela São Jorge, & strengthened the clubs identity at a time when championships were non-existent. 1974 Paulista Final, after a heart-wrenching loss to arch-rival Palmeiras, composer Paulinho Nogueira recorded "Oh Corinthians", a song that had popular commercial success at the time. In the verses of the composition dedicated to the suffering Corinthians could not miss the quote to the patron Saint George:

"...Oh, são 20 anos de espera. Mas meu São Jorge me dê forças, para poder um dia enfim, descontar meu sofrimento em quem riu de mim".
("... Oh, It's been 20 years of waiting, but my St. George gives me strength to be able to one day finally cashing in my suffering upon those who laughed at me.)"

Corinthians 2011 third kit, was burgundy colored & featured São Jorge slaughtering a dragon in a dark watermark across the right side of the chest. The utilization of São Jorge's image on the shirt is the practice of São Jorge's Prayer.

File:SaoJorge.jpg
Oração do São Jorge


Eu andarei vestido e armado, com as armas de São Jorge.
(I will be armed & dressed with the weapons of St. George)
Para que meus inimigos tendo pés não me alcancem,
(in order for my Enemies having feet, will be unable to reach me )
tendo mãos não me peguem,
(having hands, will be unable to hit me ')
tendo olhos não me enxerguem,
(having eyes, will be unable to see me )
nem pensamentos eles possam ter para me fazerem mal.
(having thought, will be unable to wish ill upon me)
Armas de fogo o meu corpo não alcançarão,
(Firearms will be unable to reach my body)
facas e lanças se quebrem sem ao meu corpo chegar,
(knives & lances will break without reaching my body)
cordas e correntes se quebrem sem ao meu corpo, amarrar.
(ropes & chains will break without constricting my body)

AnthemEdit

File:Sede social SCCP.jpg

Salve o Corinthians,
(Hail Corinthians)
O campeão dos campeões,
(The champion of champions)
Eternamente dentro dos nossos corações
(eternally in our hearts)
Salve o Corinthians de tradições e glórias mil
(Hail The Corinthians of thousands of traditions & glories)
Tu és orgulho
(You are the pride...)
Dos esportistas do Brasil
(...of The athletes of Brazil)

Teu passado é uma bandeira,
(your past is a banner)
Teu presente, uma lição
(your present is a lesson)
Figuras entre os primeiros
(figures within the elite)
Do nosso esporte bretão
(...of our British Sport)

Corinthians grande,
(Great Corinthians)
Sempre Altaneiro,
(always the highest)
És do Brasil
(it's Brazil's...)
O clube mais brasileiro
(...most Brazilian club)

Salve o Corinthians,
(Hail Corinthians)
O campeão dos campeões,
(The champion of champions)
Eternamente dentro dos nossos corações
(eternally in our hearts)
Salve o Corinthians de tradições e glórias mil
(Hail The Corinthians of thousands of traditions & glories)
Tu és orgulho
(You are the pride...)
Dos esportistas do Brasil
(...of The athletes of Brazil)

PlayersEdit

As of July 24, 2012.[77]

First team squadEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 22x20px GK Júlio César
2 22x20px DF Alessandro
3 22x20px DF Chicão
4 22x20px DF Wallace
5 22x20px MF Ralf
6 22x20px DF Fábio Santos
7 22x20px FW Manuel Martínez
8 22x20px MF Paulinho
9 22x20px FW Paolo Guerrero
10 22x20px MF Douglas
11 22x20px FW Emerson Sheik
12 22x20px GK Cássio
13 22x20px DF Paulo André
14 22x20px MF Luis Ramírez
16 22x20px DF Denner
No. Position Player
17 22x20px MF Willian Arão
18 22x20px DF Welder
19 22x20px MF Renato Augusto
20 22x20px MF Danilo
21 22x20px MF Edenílson
22 22x20px GK Danilo Fernandes
23 22x20px FW Jorge Henrique
26 22x20px DF Guilherme Andrade
27 22x20px DF Antonio Carlos
28 22x20px DF Felipe
29 22x20px MF Giovanni
31 22x20px FW Romarinho
32 22x20px MF Nenê Bonilha
35 22x20px MF Guilherme
200 22x20px MF Chen Zhizhao

Youth & reserve squadEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 22x20px GK Matheus Vidotto
2 22x20px DF Cristiano
8 22x20px MF Anderson Idalencio da Rosa
12 22x20px GK Ravi
13 22x20px DF Nick
14 22x20px DF Clayton
15 22x20px DF Victor
16 22x20px MF Ualefi
17 22x20px FW Bubba
18 22x20px MF Ayrton
19 22x20px FW Elias Oliveira
No. Position Player
19 22x20px FW Fernando
20 22x20px MF Edilson
21 22x20px MF Leonardo
22 22x20px MF Jean
23 22x20px FW Leandro
25 22x20px FW Jean Carlos
31 22x20px GK Caique
22x20px DF Moises
22x20px MF Igor
22x20px FW Paulinho

Out on LoanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
22x20px GK Renan (on loan to Estoril-Praia)
22x20px GK Rafael Santos (on loan to Bragantino)
22x20px DF Wellington Saci (on loan to Atlético Paranaense)
22x20px DF Marquinhos (on loan to A.S. Roma)
22x20px DF André Vinicius (on loan to Bragantino)
22x20px MF Boquita (on loan to Portuguesa)
22x20px MF Matías Defederico (on loan to Independiente)
22x20px MF Bruno Octávio (on loan to Paulista)
22x20px MF Eduardo Ramos (on loan to Náutico)
22x20px MF Vitor Júnior (on loan to Botafogo)
22x20px MF Gomes (on loan to Bragantino)
22x20px MF Matheus (on loan to Bragantino)
22x20px FW Lulinha (on loan to Bahia)
22x20px FW Otacílio Neto (on loan to Ituano)
22x20px FW Taubaté (on loan to Comercial-SP)
22x20px FW Élton (on loan to Vitória)

Notable playersEdit

There are many players who reside in the hearts & minds Corinthians Fans. Popular consensus amongst the Fiel supporting throngs of household names such as Brandão (Never as sent off in 19 years of Footballing), Cristian (Best known for 1999 Paulistao Final Performance), Dentinho (Raised in Club, didn't leave when Timão was Relegated 2008), Dinei (Registered member of Gavioes da Fiel before becoming a Footballer, led Timão to first national title in 1990), Idário ("Deus da Raça" or The God of Bravery), Tupãzinho (Scored the goal that secured Corinthians first National Title), & many, many more. Corinthians Fans are known to fanatically support their team, regardless of performance. Furthermore, The Fiel are known to make idols of players who could hardly considered as "Craques" or Footballing Elite, Based on Bravery, Courage, & Attitude. yet, in order to create a concise list we must create "List Criteria" based on statistics & individual honors.

File:Socrates87660.jpg

List criteria:

Name Years Pos App Goals Titles Prata Ouro SAFY 20th century Notes
22x20px Neco 1913–1930 FW 313 239 8 [82]
22x20px Teleco 1934–1944 FW 248 255 4 [83]
22x20px Servílio 1938–1949 MF 363 201 3 [84]
22x20px Cláudio 1944–1957 MF 549 305 6 [85]
22x20px Baltazar 1944–1957 FW 402 267 6 [86]
22x20px Luisinho 1948–1967
1964–1967
MF 604 175 6 [87]
22x20px Olavo 1952–1961 DF 506 17 4 [88]
22x20px Rivelino 1965–1974 MF 473 144 1 1971 1973 38th [89]
Eduardo Neves de Castro or Eduardo (August 19, 1943- April 28, 1969)<span/> [90]
Ludgero Pereira da Silva or Lidu (March 21, 1947 - April 28, 1969)<span/> [91]
22x20px Zé Maria 1970–1983 DF 599 17 4 1973, 1977 [92]
22x20px Vaguinho 1971–1981 MF 555 110 4 [93]
22x20px Wladimir 1972–1985
1987
DF 805 32 4 1974, 1976,
1982
[94]
22x20px Biro-Biro 1978–1989 MF 589 75 4 1982 [95]
22x20px Sócrates 1978–1984 MF 298 172 3 1980 1983 61st [96]
22x20px Marcelo 1987–1993 MF 342 4 2 1990
22x20px Ronaldo 1986–1998 GK 602 571 6 1990, 1994 [97]
22x20px Neto 1989–1993
1996-1997
MF 227 80 3 1991 [98]
22x20px Zé Elias 1993–1996 DF 161 2 2 1994 [99]
22x20px Marcelinho 1994-1997
1998-2001
2006
MF 432 206 8 1994 1999 [100]
22x20px Edílson 1997–2000 FW 164 55 4 1998 [101]
22x20px Gamarra 1998–1999 DF 80 7 2 1998 1998 [102]
22x20px Vampeta 1998-2000
2002-2003
2007
MF 268 17 7 1998, 1999 [103]
22x20px Dida 1999–2000
2001-2002
GK 94 122 4 1999 [104]
22x20px Gil 2000–2005 FW 263 57 4 2002 [105]
22x20px Fábio Luciano 2000–2003 DF 59 13 5 2002
22x20px Tévez 2004–2006 FW 78 46 1 2005 2005 [106]
22x20px Marcelo Mattos 2005–2007 MF 173 21 1 2005
22x20px Elias 2005–2007 MF 155 24 3 2010 [107]
22x20px Chicão 2008- DF 223 49 5 2010 [108]
22x20px Ronaldo Fenômeno 2009–2011 FW 69 35 2 13th [109]
22x20px Roberto Carlos 2009–2011 DF 61 5 2010
22x20px Paulo André 2009- FW 66 4 2 2011
22x20px Paulinho 2010- MF 141 31 2 2011, 2012 [110]
File:Wladimir Rodrigues dos Santos.jpg
File:Lula142661.jpg
File:Corinthians at Palácio da Alvorada 2009-07-02 2.jpg

Technical staffEdit

Current technical staffEdit

Last Updated May 31, 2011.:[111]

Comissão técnica
Name Position
22x20px Roberto de Andrade Director
22x20px Duilio Monteiro Alves Associate Director
22x20px Edu Gaspar General Manager
22x20px Mauro Silva Supervisor
Equipe Técnica 2011/12
Name Position
22x20px Adenor Leonardo Bacchi (Tite) Manager
22x20px Xavier, Delamore & Carille Assistant Managers
22x20px Fábio Mahseredjian Fitness Coach
22x20px Ruschel, Chien Chan Junior, & Ramos do Prado Assistant Fitness Coach
22x20px Mauri Costa Lima Goalkeeping Coach
22x20px Dr. Joaquim Grava Medical Consultant
22x20px Dr. Stancati e Dr. Galotti Doctors
22x20px Mazziotti, Gonçalves, Vieira e Mello Physiotherapist
22x20px Antônio Carlos Gomes Physiology Consultant
22x20px Rodrigues e Fedato Filho Physiologist
22x20px Christine Fernanda Machado Neves Nutritionist
Board of Directors
Name Position
22x20px Mário Gobbi President
22x20px Luis Paulo Rosenberg Vice-President
22x20px Roberto de Andrade Souza Director of Professional Football
22x20px Raul Corrêa da Silva Financial Director
22x20px Jorge Alberto Aun Director of Estates & Works
22x20px Fausto Bittar Filho Director of Land Sports
22x20px André Luiz de Olivera Administrative Director
22x20px Fernando Alba Braghiroli Director of Amateur Football
22x20px Sérgio E. M. de Alvarenga Director of Legal Instrument
22x20px Oldano G. de Carvalho Director of Aquatic Sports
22x20px Waldir Rozante Director of Social Department
22x20px Luis Paulo Rosenberg Marketing Director
22x20px Duilio N. Monteiro Alves Cultural Director
22x20px Elie Werdo Secretary General
22x20px Jacinto Antonio Ribeiro Assessor - Presidency
22x20px Manoel Ramos Evangelista Assessor - Presidency


PresidentsEdit

NameTenure
22x20px Miguel Battaglia 1910
22x20px Alexandre Magnani 1910–1914
22x20px Ricardo de Oliveira 1915
22x20px João Baptista Maurício 1915–1916
22x20px João Martins de Oliveira
22x20px João de Carvalho (Interim)
1917
1918
22x20px Albino Teixeira Pinheiro 1919
22x20px Guido Giacominelli 1920–1925, 1927
22x20px Aristides de Macedo Filho 1925
22x20px Ernesto Cassano 1926, 1928
22x20px José Tipaldi 1929
22x20px Filipe Collona 1929–1930
22x20px Alfredo Schürig 1930–1933
22x20px João Baptista Maurício 1933
22x20px José Martins Costa Júnior 1933–1934
22x20px Manuel Correcher 1935–41


Notable Managers Edit

List criteria:

File:Mano e William.jpg
Name Years G W D L GF GA\ W% CP-A1 CB CB-A CL CWC Notes
22x20px Amílcar Barbuy 1915-1920
1935
1937
7002192000000000000192 7002135000000000000135 700118000000000000018 700139000000000000039 50000000000000000000 50000000000000000000 700170310000000000070.31 1915
1937
[112]
22x20px Guido Giacominelli 1921–1925 7002117000000000000117 700188000000000000088 700111000000000000011 700118000000000000018 7002321000000000000321 7002112000000000000112 700175210999999999975.21 1922
1923
1924
[113]
22x20px Neco 1927
1937-1938
700166000000000000066 700129000000000000029 700115000000000000015 700122000000000000022 7002135000000000000135 7002113000000000000113 700143940000000000043.94 1937
1938
[114]
22x20px Virgílio Montarini 1929–1931 700184000000000000084 700151000000000000051 700117000000000000017 700116000000000000016 7002284000000000000284 7002142000000000000142 700160710000000000060.71 1929
1930
[115]
22x20px Del Debbio 1939-1942
1947-1949
1963
7002215000000000000215 7002143000000000000143 700131000000000000031 700141000000000000041 50000000000000000000 50000000000000000000 700166510000000000066.51 1939
1941
[116]
22x20px Rato 1942-1943
1951-1954
1958-1959
1963
1969
7002255000000000000255 7002161000000000000161 700143000000000000043 700151000000000000051 50000000000000000000 50000000000000000000 700163140000000000063.14 1951
1952
1953
1954
[117]
22x20px Osvaldo Brandão 1954-1957
1964-1966
1969
1977-1978
1980-1981
7002438000000000000438 7002249000000000000249 700196000000000000096 700193000000000000093 50000000000000000000 50000000000000000000 700156850000000000056.85 1954
1977
[118]
22x20px Sylvio Pirillo 1959-1960
1974-1975
7002124000000000000124 700167000000000000067 700126000000000000026 700131000000000000031 7002158000000000000158 7002209000000000000209 700154030000000000054.03 [119]
22x20px Dino Sani 1969-1970
1975
7002122000000000000122 700154000000000000054 700139000000000000039 700129000000000000029 7002187000000000000187 7002116000000000000116 700144260000000000044.26 [120]
22x20px Duque 1972
1976-1977
7002113000000000000113 700154000000000000054 700136000000000000036 700123000000000000023 7002113000000000000113 700188000000000000088 700147790000000000047.79 1977 [121]
22x20px José Teixeira[disambiguation needed] 1978–1979 7002107000000000000107 700148000000000000048 700141000000000000041 700118000000000000018 7002150000000000000150 700196000000000000096 700144860000000000044.86 1979 [122]
22x20px Mário Travaglini 1981-1982
1985
122 [123]
22x20px Basílio 1985
1987
1989-1990
1992
7002116000000000000116 700151000000000000051 700142000000000000042 700123000000000000023 7002140000000000000140 700190000000000000090 700143970000000000043.97 [124]
22x20px Nelsinho Baptista 1990-1991
1992-1993
1997
2007
7002192000000000000192 700184000000000000084 700166000000000000066 700142000000000000042 7002277000000000000277 7002203000000000000203 700143750000000000043.75 1997 1990 [125]
22x20px Eduardo Fernandes Amorim 1995–1996 7002110000000000000110 700152000000000000052 700129000000000000029 700129000000000000029 7002185000000000000185 7002130000000000000130 700147270000000000047.27 1995 [126]
22x20px Vanderlei Luxemburgo 1998
2001
7002139000000000000139 700165000000000000065 700134000000000000034 700140000000000000040 7002258000000000000258 7002180000000000000180 700146760000000000046.76 2001 1998 [127]
22x20px Oswaldo de Oliveira 1999–2000 7002112000000000000112 700158000000000000058 700121000000000000021 700133000000000000033 7002220000000000000220 7002158000000000000158 700151790000000000051.79 1999 1999 2000 [128]
22x20px Tite 2004-2005
2010–Present
7002157000000000000157 700184000000000000084 700144000000000000044 700129000000000000029 7002217000000000000217 7002121000000000000121 700153500000000000053.50 2011 2012 2012 [129]
22x20px Mano Menezes 2008–2010 7002185000000000000185 7002103000000000000103 700149000000000000049 700133000000000000033 7002320000000000000320 7002176000000000000176 700155680000000000055.68 2009 2009 [130]

StatisticsEdit

Recent SeasonsEdit

Last Ten Seasons
year Campeonato Brasileiro Copa do Brasil Continental/Worldwide Campeonato Paulista
Div Pos G W D L GF GA Fase Máxima Competition Fase Máxima Div. Fase Máxima Pos.
2003 A 15º 46 15 12 19 61 63 CL SA Round of 16 Brazil Preliminary A1 Final
2004 A 46 20 14 12 53 53 Quarter-finals A1 First stage 16º
2005 A 42 24 9 9 87 59 Round of 16 SA Quarter-finals A1 League
2006 A 38 15 8 15 41 46 CL SA Round of 16 Round of 16 A1 League
2007 A 17º 38 10 14 14 40 50 Round of 16 SA Brazil Preliminary A1 First stage
2008 B 38 25 10 3 79 29 Final A1 First stage
2009 A 10º 38 14 10 14 50 54 Final A1 Final
2010 A 38 19 11 8 65 41 CL Round of 16 A1 First stage
2011 A 38 21 8 9 53 36 CL First stage A1 Final
2012 A 38 15 12 11 51 39 CL WC Final Final A1 Quarter-finals


Legend:
     Champion.
     Runner-Up.
     Classified for Copa Libertadores da América via Campeonato Brasileiro Campaign.
     Classified for Copa Libertadores da América via Copa do Brasil or Copa Libertadores Title.
     Classified for Copa Conmebol, Copa Mercosul or Copa Sul-Americana.
     Relegated to Série B.
     Promoted to Série A.

Club honorsEdit

File:Troféu Libertadores da América.JPG
Worldwide
Competitions Titles Seasons
18px FIFA Club World Cup 2 200008px, 201208px
Continental
Competitions Titles Seasons
20px Copa Libertadores 1 201208px
National
Competitions Titles Seasons
21px Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 5 1990, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2011
18px Copa do Brasil 3 199508px, 2002, 2009
21px Supercopa do Brasil 1 199108px
25px Campeonato Brasileiro Série B 1 2008
Interstate
Competitions Titles Seasons
25px Torneio Rio-São Paulo 5 1950, 1953, 1954, 1966, 2002
State
Competitions Titles Seasons
25px Campeonato Paulista 26 191408px, 191608px, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1928, 192908px, 1930, 1937, 193808px, 1939, 1941, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1988, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 200908px


10px Denotes Undefeated Championship

File:Memorial Corinthians 1977.jpg
File:Josiane BBB.JPG

Other titlesEdit

Winners (1): 195608px
Winners (1): 199608px

A 10px near the year denotes the club won the competition without losses

References Edit

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  3. not to be confused with São Paulo Futebol Clube
  4. do not confuse with Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras
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  126. "Eduardo Amorim". acervo sccp. http://www.acervosccp.com/eduardoamorim.htm. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  127. "Vanderlei Luxemburgo". Acervo SCCP. http://www.acervosccp.com/vanderleiluxemburgo.htm. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
  128. "oswaldo de oliveira". acervo sccp. http://www.acervosccp.com/oswaldodeoliveira.htm. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  129. "Tite". Acervo Sccp. http://www.acervosccp.com/tite.htm. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  130. "Mano Menezes". acervo sccp. http://www.acervosccp.com/manomenezes.htm. Retrieved August 9, 2012.

External links Edit


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ace:Corinthians

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