|This article may contain original research. (December 2012)|
|Full name||Fluminense Football Club|
|Founded||July 21, 1902|
Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, Rio de Janeiro|
|Head coach||Abel Braga|
|League||Campeonato Brasileiro Série A|
Fluminense Football Club (Portuguese pronunciation: [flumiˈnẽsi]) is a sports club based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Founded in the beginning of the 20th century as a single-sport institution, Fluminense is today an umbrella organization for several teams in more than 16 different sport activities. The most popular endeavor of Fluminense, however, continues to be football. This article concerns itself with Fluminense solely as a professional football club.
The Tricolor was the first successful organization in the state of Rio de Janeiro established specifically for football, and has been the inspiration for several other clubs in Brazil and in other countries. For that reasons, Fluminense is the most traditional club of Brazil. It adopted the colors of maroon, green and white.
In the 1920s the club was considered an "entity of federal public utility" by Decree nº 5044 with date of October 28, 1926, published by the Diário Oficial da União (Brazilian government's official gazette) on November 10, 1926, after having won their first international competition (the Vulcain Cup) in 1928.
Fluminense Football Club has contributed the fifth most players to the Brazil national team. The Rio de Janeiro government decreed November 12 "Fluminense Football Club Day" by law (nº 5094) on September 27, 2007. With the largest number of Campeonato Carioca titles in the 20th century (28), the club is known as the "champion of the century".
Fluminense Football Club was founded on July 21, 1902 in Rio de Janeiro by Oscar Cox, a Brazilian of English heritage. in the then aristocratic neighbourhood of Laranjeiras. Fluminense was formed by sons of the elite who had come into contact with football while studying in Europe. The first official match was played against now defunct Rio FC, and ended 8-0 for Fluminense. The club's first title came in 1906, when Fluminense won its first Campeonato Carioca.
In 1911, disagreement between Fluminense players led to the formation of Flamengo's football team. The so-called Fla-Flu derby is considered one of the biggest in the history of Brazilian football. Three years later, in Fluminense's stadium, the Brazilian national football team debuted, against English touring side Exeter City FC  It was also there that they won their first title, in the 1919. One year later, Afrânio Costa, a Fluminense shooting athlete, won the first medal for Brazil in the history of the Olympic Games.
By 1924, Fluminense had 4,000 members, a stadium for 25,000 people, and facilities that impressed clubs in Europe. Nonetheless, Fluminense's long association with the rich tainted its history with racism. In an unfortunate event in 1914, Carlos Alberto, a mulatto playing for Fluminense decided to cover himself in cosmetic powder to disguise the color of his skin. This ultimately led to one of the club's nicknames, pó de arroz, which is the Portuguese for 'white powder'. After 1925, Fluminense began pressuring for the professionalization of football, but it wasn't until the 1950s that the club started to accept black players in its squad, however, in 1945 hired a black coach, Gentil Cardoso, who was champion in Rio in 1946, a position that most clubs in the world took a lot to offer to a black man.
The following years saw an expansion of the club's hegemony in Rio. Fluminense would remain unsurpassed in terms of state championships until 2009. International acclaim came in 1949 with the awarding of the Olympic Cup, and was further fostered in 1952 with Fluminense's first intercontinental honor, the Copa Rio. The club established itself regionally with victory in two Torneio Rio-São Paulo cups in 1957 and 1960. National honors followed in 1970, 1984, 2010 and 2012 with Taça de Prata and Série A cups, respectively., also taking the Cup in Brazil in 2007.
As late as the 1960s, Brazil did not have a unified national championship, Fluminense has focused on the achievements at the state of Rio de Janeiro, winning until the year 1950, 15 State Championships.
In 1952, the Fluminense won his first international title, winning the Copa Rio Internacional. In this tournament Fluminense faced teams like Peñarol (Uruguay), Sporting (Portugal), Grasshopper-Club (Switzerland) and Austria Wien (Austria), all of then great strengths of football on 1950s years. The Fans sees Fluminense Rio Cup title in 1952 as a world club title.
From the 1950s, with the creation of the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, the forerunner of what eventually would become the national championship, Fluminense established itself regionally, with the tournament title in the years of 1957 and 1960.
From the 1960s, began to be played in Brazil the first national championships. The Fluminense first national title came in 1970, in that time, Brazil had the best players in world football, and all of them played in Brazilians clubs. Although not counted in his squad with the main players of the season in Brazil, Fluminense won the Brazilian champion surpassing the great strengths of the time as Santos, Palmeiras and Cruzeiro.
In the 1970s, Fluminense signing up with several famous players like Roberto Rivellino. This time, called as "maquina tricolor", won the state championship in the years of 1975 e 1976. In the national championship Fluminense lost in the semifinal maths to Internacional in 1975 and Corinthians in 1976.
Fluminense has became again the Brazilian champion in 1984. This time, that had won the state Championship in the years of 1983, 1984 and 1985, count with players like Romerito, Ricardo Gomes, Deley, and the "Casal Vinte": Assis and Washington.
At the end of the 1980s, Copa do Brasil was created, inspired by the Cups tournament played in European countries. Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil for the first time in 1992, having lost the final math to Internacional de Porto Alegre.
A disastrous campaign led to the club's relegation from Série A in 1996. A set of off-field political maneuvers, however, allowed Fluminense to remain in Brazil's top domestic league, only to be relegated the next year. Completely out of control, the club was relegated from Série B to Série C in 1998. In 1999, Fluminense won the Série C championship and was to be promoted to Série B when it was invited to take part in Copa João Havelange, a championship that replaced the traditional Série A in 2000. In 2001, it was decided that all clubs which took part in Copa João Havelange's so-called Blue Group should be kept in Série A, and so Fluminense Football Club found its way back to the top, where it has been ever since.
In 2002, 2005 and 2012, Fluminense won again the Campeonato Carioca. In 2005 Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil again, having lost the final Match to Paulista Futebol Clube.
In 2007, Fluminense won the Copa do Brasil, after beaten Figueirense in the final Match, and was admitted in the Copa Libertadores again after 23 years. The club's campaign led it into the finals and included remarkable matches against Arsenal de Sarandí, São Paulo and Boca Juniors. Fluminense lost the cup to LDU Quito in a penalty shootout.
After signing up 27 players and going through 5 different managers in 2009, Fluminense found itself struggling to avoid another relegation from Série A. With less than one-third of the championship left, the mathematical probability of the club's relegation was of 98%. At this point, manager Cuca decided to sack some of the more experienced players and gave Fluminense's youngsters a chance. That, along with Fred's recovery from a serious injury and substantial support from the fans, allowed not only a sensational escape from relegation, but also placed Fluminense in the final of the Copa Sudamericana. For the second year in a row, the club contested a continental cup. In a repeat of the previous year's Copa Libertadores, Fluminense lost the cup to LDU Quito.
In 2010, Fluminense won the Brazilian championship for the third time in its history, marking their third national championship after 1970 and 1984). It was also the fourth title for coach Muricy Ramalho in a decade: Ramalho had won the title three times in a row with São Paulo from 2006 to 2008. Darío Conca was named the Brazilian Championship's Player of Season, while Fred and Washington were decisive players in Fluminense's winning campaign.
On May 23, 2012, Fluminense lost the semifinal qualification match to Boca Juniors from Argentina, for the continental club football cup, Copa Libertadores. Later that year, on November 11, they won their fourth Brazilian championship after defeating the near-relegated Palmeiras 3-2.
Fluminense won the Série A for the fourth time on November 11, 2012.
Fluminense Football Club took part in 36 of the 38 official Serie A championships organized in Brazil since 1971. Since the number of participating teams has changed considerably over time, any accurate performance measurement must take this variable into account. In the two tables below, the performance field for a given position p in a universe of n teams was calculated using the formula:
This allows for an asymptotic limit of 100%, since p will never be zero.
Companies that Fluminense Football Club currently has sponsorship deals with include:
- 1. Fluminense 0-0 Flamengo, 1963 194,603 ¹
- 2. Fluminense 3-2 Flamengo, 1969 171,599
- 3. Fluminense 1-0 Botafogo, 1971 160,000
- 4. Fluminense 0-0 Flamengo, 1976 155,116
- 5. Fluminense 1-0 Flamengo, 1984 153,520
- 6. Fluminense 1-1 Corinthians, 1976 146,043
¹: paying 177,656, a record of persons present at Maracanã stadium.
Higher means of public competition for FluminenseEdit
- Largest average attendance in the Copa Libertadores (RJ): 52,801 (49,011 pags., 2008)
- Largest average attendance in the Copa Sudamericana (RJ): 29,357 (27,318 pags., 2009)
- Largest average attendance in international tournaments (RJ): 48,797 (37,541 pags., Copa Rio, 1952)
- Largest average attendance in national championships (RJ): 43,541 pags. (1976)
- Largest average attendance in the Tournament Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (RJ): 40,408 pags. (1970)
- Largest average attendance in the Brazil Cup (RJ): 27,123 pags. (2007)
- Largest average attendance in the Rio-São Paulo Tournament (RJ): 33,018 pags. (1960)
- Largest average attendance in the state championship: 47,814 pags. (1969, all stages)
- Largest average attendance in the state championship in the Maracana Stadium: 93,560 pags. (1969, 10 Matches)
The supporters of Fluminense Football Club are usually related to the upper classes of Rio de Janeiro. However, the popularity of the club reaches beyond the city limits. Recent polls have estimated the number of supporters to be between 1.3% and 3.7% of the Brazilian population. Considering a population of 185 million people, that would account for numbers between 2.73 and 6.84 million.
The best attendance ever observed in a match of Fluminense was registered on December 15, 1963 in a rally against Flamengo. On that day, an impressive amount of 194,000 people showed up at the Maracanã stadium. This occasion remains as the stadium's record for a match between clubs.
Notable supporters of Fluminense include composers Cartola and Chico Buarque, FIFA president of honor João Havelange, musician Ivan Lins, poet and actor Mário Lago, journalist and songwriter Nelson Motta and dramatist, journalist and writer Nelson Rodrigues., 1970 FIFA World Cup winner Gérson, Paris Saint Germain's top defense player Thiago Silva, former Minister of Culture and international artist Gilberto Gil, Silvio Santos, the owner of SBT, the second largest Brazilian television network, and the Academy Award nomenee Fernanda Montenegro.
- Fla-Flu, also called Classic of Crowds, played with Flamengo;
- Giants' Classic, played with Vasco;
- Grandpa Derby, played with Botafogo;
- Fluminense vs. America, played with America;
- Vs Fluminense. Bangu, the Bangu Atlético Clube.
According to the file fluzao.info site, the average public paying the principal classics of Fluminense played in the Maracana Stadium is 60,107 against Flamengo, Vasco against the 43,735 of 34,359 against Botafogo of 25,127 against America and of 22,527 against Bangu, medium plus the public that these gifts could be about 20% higher, given the issues of the distribution of gratuities in the Maracana Stadium.
Corinthians vs Fluminense, the great classic interstate Fluminense
Considering the interstate clashes, the derby against Sport Club Corinthians Paulista is perhaps the most representative among the various confrontations with big Brazilian clubs played for Fluminense, given the fact that these clubs often intersect at decisive moments in their stories, either by the end Rio Cup, the direct contest in several Tournaments Rio-São Paulo since 1940, or by the qualifying rounds of the Championship or Cup of Brazil, in the great struggle of the Brazilian Football Championship 2010 when the two clubs played the title since the beginning of the championship with Corinthians having lost the Championship to Cruzeiro in the final round, as did the reverse in 2011, when the Corinthians was the champion and the Tricolor, a champion of the symbolic second round of the Brazilian, the third, with nine matches in the history of this classic provides more than 55,000 fans at Maracana stadium or the Morumbi, with an average attendance of 30,266 at the Maracana paying until August 2009.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Players with Dual Nationality
- 22x20px 22x20px Alejandro Martinuccio
- 22x20px 22x20px Diego Cavalieri
- 22x20px 22x20px Ricardo Berna
- 22x20px 22x20px Deco
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out or on loan Edit
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Fluminense Youth TeamEdit
- As of June 26, 2012.
- As of May 19, 2011.
|Head coach||Abel Braga||22x20px Brazilian|
|Assistant Coach||Leomir||22x20px Brazilian|
|Fitness coaches||Flávio Vignoli||22x20px Brazilian|
|Jefferson Souza||22x20px Brazilian|
|Goalkeeping Coach||Victor Hugo||22x20px Brazilian|
- 25pxCarioca Champion of the Twentieth century*:
- For have been the Rio club with the most state titles in the last century.
- Champions (1): 2007
- Runners-up (2): 1992, 2005
- Champions (1): 1999
- The south of Taça Brasil
- Champions (1): 1960
- Champions (2): 1957, 1960
- Runners-up (1): 1954
- Taça Ioduran
- Champions (1): 1919
- Champions (31): 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1924, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1946, 1951, 1959, 1964, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1995, 2002, 2005, 2012
- Runners-up (20): 1910, 1915, 1920, 1925, 1933, 1935, 1943, 1949, 1953, 1956, 1957, 1960, 1963, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1991, 1993, 2003, 2011
- Champions (9): 1966, 1969, 1971, 1975, 1983, 1985, 1991, 1993, 2012
- Runners-up (10): 1970, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979, 1984, 1987, 1994, 2001, 2004
- Champions (2): 1990, 2005
- Runners-up (7): 1984, 1986, 1988, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2008
- Champions (1): 1998
- Torneio Municipal
- Champions (2): 1938, 1948
- Torneio Aberto
- Champions (1): 1935
- Torneio Extra do Rio de Janeiro (Taça Oscar Cox)
- Champions (1): 1941
- Primeiro Turno do Campeonato Carioca
- Champions (1): 1970
- Troféu Fadel Fadel (2nd round of the Campeonato Carioca)
- Champions (1): 1972
- Taça Francisco Laport (2nd round of the Campeonato Carioca)
- Champions (1): 1973
- Taça Amadeu Rodrigues Sequeira (3rd round of the Campeonato Carioca)
- Champions (1): 1976
- Taça João Baptista Coelho Netto “Preguinho” (1st round of the Campeonato Carioca)
- Champions (1): 1980
- Torneios Início do Rio de Janeiro
- Champions (10): 1916, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1940, 1941, 1943, 1954, 1956, 1965 (Record)
- Coupe Olympique*: 1
- Champions (1):1949
- In 1949, Fluminense Football Club was awarded the Olympic Cup by the International Olympic Committee. The official 2009 kit featured the Olympic Cup as a 60th year celebration. Fluminense is the only football club and Brazilian Organization that earned this title.
- Champions (1): 1952
- Runner-up (1): 2008
- Runner-up (1): 2009
- Champions (1):1987
- Seoul Olympic Tournament
- Champions (1):1984
- Champions (1):1977
- Copa Ciudad Viña del Mar
- Champions (1):1976
- Torneio Internacional de Verão do Rio de Janeiro
- Champions (1):1973
- Champions (2):1976, 1987
- Kiev Tournament; 1
- Champions (1):1989
- 22x20px BRA 1 Vulcain Cup (Fluminense vs. Sporting Lisboa (Portugal): 1928
- 22x20px BRA 1 Avellaneda Cup (Fluminense vs Racing (Argentina):- 1948
- 22x20px PER 1 Embajada de Brasil Cup (Peru): 1950 (Sucre versus Fluminense)
- 22x20px PER 1 Alianza Lima Cup (Peru): 1950 (Club Alianza Lima versus Fluminense)
- 22x20px PER 1 General Manuel A. Odria Cup (Peru): 1950 (Seleção de Arequipa versus Fluminense)
- Template:Country data CRI 1 Cup Deportivo Saprissa versus Fluminense (Costa Rica): 1960
- 22x20px MEX 1 Emboteladora Cup Tampico (México): 1960 (Tampico versus Fluminense)
- 22x20px MOZ 1 Casa Lido Cup (Moçambique) : 1973 (Seleção de Lourenço Marques versus Fluminense)
- 22x20px ANG 1 Template:Sic Cup (Angola): 1973 (Benfica Huambo versus Fluminense)
- 22x20px SUR 1 Robinwood Cup(Suriname): 1981 (Robin Hood - versus Fluminense)
- 22x20px BRA 1 João HavelangeCup: 1981 (Fluminense versus River Plate-Argentina)
- 22x20px PAR 1 Trophy de La Amistad (Paraguai) : 1984 (Club Cerro Porteño versus Fluminense)
- 22x20px ANG 1 Trophy Champions od Friendship (Luanda, Angola): 1985 (Petro Atlético versus Fluminense)
- 22x20px BRA 1 Trophy Centenário Fluminense F.C.: 2002 (Fluminense versus Toluca-México)
Trophies of the Fluminense Football Club, see RSSSF.
Notable former playersEdit
The most notable players for Fluminense Football Club so far have been:
- ↑ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 "Fluminense - Forever Flu". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/clubs/club=241/index.html. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- ↑ "Thiago flies the Fluzão flag". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). http://www.fifa.com/tournaments/archive/clubworldcup/japan2008/news/newsid=716238.html. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- ↑ "Brazil National Soccer League - List of Teams in Serie A". about.com Brazil Travel Guide. http://gobrazil.about.com/od/culturehistorylanguage/a/brasileirao.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- ↑ "Action of a FARE partner at the Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro". Football Against Racism in Europe (FARE). http://www.farenet.org/default.asp?intPageID=7&intArticleID=1576. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- ↑ "FLUOLIMPICO.COM.BR" (in Portuguese). Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/fluolimpico/. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 "FLUMEMÓRIA - HISTÓRIA - Um clube popular" (in Portuguese). Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/memoria_historia.asp. Retrieved 2009-12-04.[dead link]
- ↑ honor in 2005 RSSSF
- ↑ "Fluminense fiesta". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2002-08-22. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/tv_and_radio/world_football/2188923.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- ↑ "How football conquered Brazil". 2009-05-18. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/timvickery/2009/05/how_football_conquered_brazil.html. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 "Passion, carnival and crazy goals". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). 2001-07-13. http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/federation/news/newsid=78517.html. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- ↑ "Southamerican Championship 1919". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssf.com/tables/19safull.html. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- ↑ Napoleão, Antônio Carlos (2003) (in Portuguese). Fluminense Football Club: História, Conquistas e Glórias no Futebol. Mauad. p. 30. ISBN 978-85-7478-078-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=N38fcax08dcC. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- ↑ "Histórico do Brasil nas competições olímpicas de tiro" (in Portuguese). UOL Esporte. http://esporte.uol.com.br/olimpiadas/modalidades/tiro/historico_brasil.jhtm. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- ↑ Mason, Tony (1995). Passion of the people? Football in South America. Verso. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-86091-403-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=iIN81fOaLdkC. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 Rodrigues, Mário (2003) (in Portuguese). O negro no futebol brasileiro. Mauad. pp. 36,37,41,44,51,60,62,63,69,70,77,210,281. ISBN 978-85-7478-096-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=4n3n63FoJQsC. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
- ↑ "Pó-de-arroz: provocação que virou símbolo" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2008-03-05. http://globoesporte.globo.com/ESP/Noticia/Futebol/Fluminense/0,,MUL338483-4284,00.html. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
- ↑ "Fla consolida supremacia com seis títulos na década" (in Portuguese). Jornal O Dia. 2009-05-04. http://odia.terra.com.br/portal/ataque/campeaocarioca2009/html/2009/5/fla_consolida_supremacia_com_seis_titulos_na_decada_9969.html. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 18.2 "Fluminense Football Club - Conquistas" (in Portuguese). Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/memoria_historiaconquistas.asp. Retrieved 2009-12-04.[dead link]
- ↑ "Santos and sinners". When Saturday Comes (WSC). 2003-02. http://www.wsc.co.uk/content/view/2584/29/. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ "Brazil 1997 Championship". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesae/br1997.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- ↑ "Brazil 1998 Championship - Second Level (Série B)". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesae/br1998l2.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- ↑ "Brazil 1999 Third Level (Série C)". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesae/br1999l3.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- ↑ "Brazil 2001 Championship". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesae/br2001.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- ↑ "Fluminense volta à Libertadores após 23 anos" (in Portuguese). UOL Esporte. 2007-06-06. http://esporte.uol.com.br/futebol/ultimas/2007/06/06/ult59u122616.jhtm. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ "Flu massacra Arsenal em noite de gala" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2008-03-05. http://globoesporte.globo.com/ESP/Noticia/Futebol/Fluminense/0,,MUL338513-4284,00.html. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ "Flu leva a melhor no Maraca e está na semifinal da Taça Libertadores" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2008-05-21. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Futebol/Libertadores/0,,MUL489835-9851,00-FLU+LEVA+A+MELHOR+NO+MARACA+E+ESTA+NA+SEMIFINAL+DA+TACA+LIBERTADORES.html. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ Leach, Conrad (2008-06-06). "Flu flay Boca as Brazilians fly into final". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2008/jun/06/1. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ Duarte, Fernando (2008-07-04). "Fluminense in mourning after Maracana party turns to tears". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2008/jul/04/brazil. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ "Balcão de negócios e alta rotatividade ajudam a explicar desespero do Flu" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2009-10-05. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Times/Fluminense/0,,MUL1329995-9866,00-BALCAO+DE+NEGOCIOS+E+ALTA+ROTATIVIDADE+AJUDAM+A+EXPLICAR+DESESPERO+DO+FLU.html. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- ↑ "Degola mais próxima: Fluminense tem 98% de chances de rebaixamento" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2009-10-09. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Futebol/Brasileirao/Serie_A/0,,MUL1335158-9827,00.html. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- ↑ "Por xeque-mate contra queda, Cuca celebra troca de peças no Tricolor" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2009-11-04. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Times/Fluminense/0,,MUL1366199-9866,00-POR+XEQUEMATE+CONTRA+QUEDA+CUCA+CELEBRA+TROCA+DE+PECAS+NO+TRICOLOR.html. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- ↑ "Fred saves the day for Flu". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). http://www.fifa.com/worldfootball/clubfootball/news/newsid=1148877.html. Retrieved 2009-12-15.
- ↑ "A média de público final do Campeonato Brasileiro 2009" (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: O Globo. 2009-12-08. http://oglobo.globo.com/blogs/bolademeia/posts/2009/12/10/a-media-de-publico-final-do-campeonato-brasileiro-2009-248850.asp. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- ↑ "Fluminense luta até o fim, mas título fica novamente com a LDU, verdadeiro algoz" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2009-12-03. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Times/Fluminense/0,,MUL1401289-9866,00-FLUMINENSE+LUTA+ATE+O+FIM+MAS+TITULO+FICA+NOVAMENTE+COM+A+LDU+VERDADEIRO+AL.html. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- ↑ "Fluminense está eliminado da Libertadores" (in Portuguese). Bagarai.com. http://bagarai.com.br/fluminense-esta-eliminado-da-libertadores.html. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
- ↑ Danilo Lavieri, Danilo; Rodrigues, Renan (November 11, 2012). "Fluminense vence com gols de Fred, vira tetra brasileiro e deixa Palmeiras a um jogo da queda" (in Portuguese). UOL Esportes (Presidente Prudente). http://esporte.uol.com.br/futebol/campeonatos/brasileiro/serie-a/pos-jogo/2012/11/11/palmeiras-x-fluminense.htm. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- ↑ "Fluminense crowned champions". Goal.com. November 12, 2012. http://www.goal.com/en-gb/news/2557/news/2012/11/12/3521177/fluminense-crowned-brasileiro-serie-a-champions. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- ↑ "RECORDS OF FLUMINENSE IN MAJOR COMPETITIONS" (in Portuguese). Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/miscellaneous/fluretr.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- ↑ "Patrocinadora do Flu promete honrar contrato e confia em desempenho melhor" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Times/Fluminense/0,,MUL1180471-9866,00.html. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- ↑ http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/miscellaneous/attfluminense.htm
- ↑ "Perfil dos torcedores do Rio" (in Portuguese). Jornal O Globo. http://oglobo.globo.com/esportes/mat/2009/06/05/perfil-dos-torcedores-do-rio-756224667.asp. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- ↑ "Brazilian Clubs with Most Fans". RSSSF Brazil. http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/miscellaneous/torcidas.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- ↑ "Contagem da População 2007" (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). 2007-12-21. http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/contagem2007/contagem_final/tabela1_1.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- ↑ "Best attendances in matches of Fluminense". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/miscellaneous/attfluminense.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ "Best Attendances in Brazil" (in Portuguese). Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/miscellaneous/attendances.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ "Brasil está em débito com Cartola" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo. 2000-12-27. http://www.estadao.com.br/arquivo/arteelazer/2000/not20001227p4402.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ Hunt, Jemima (2004-07-18). "The lionised king of Rio". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2004/jul/18/fiction.features3. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- ↑ "Tricolor Skylab se desespera com show na mesma hora da final em Quito" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2008-06-25. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Times/Fluminense/0,,MUL613943-9866,00-TRICOLOR+SKYLAB+SE+DESESPERA+COM+SHOW+NA+MESMA+HORA+DA+FINAL+EM+QUITO.html. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ "MST e Fluminense presentes na última homenagem a Mário Lago" (in Portuguese). Jornal do Brasil Online. 2002-05-31. http://www.terra.com.br/exclusivo/noticias/2002/05/31/011.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- ↑ 50.0 50.1 Motta, Nelson; Gueiros, Pedro (2004) (in Portuguese). Fluminense: a breve e gloriosa história de uma máquina de jogar bola. Rio de Janeiro: Geração Editorial. pp. 1–9. ISBN 978-85-00-01574-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=TuWDzbcxc_wC. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- ↑ "Gilberto Gil leva família para a decisão do Fluminense" (in Portuguese). Extra. 2010-12-11. http://extra.globo.com/esporte/fluminense/fluminense-gilberto-gil-leva-familia-para-decisao-do-fluminense-384081.html. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
- ↑ "Fluminense homenageia grandes torcedores" (in Portuguese). Terra. 2001-12-17. http://www.terra.com.br/esportes/2001/12/17/039.htm. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
- ↑ "Fernanda Montenegro leva os netos ao Engenhão" (in Portuguese). Extra. 2010-12-11. http://extra.globo.com/esporte/fluminense/fluminense-fernanda-montenegro-leva-os-netos-ao-engenhao-360672.html. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
- ↑ Livro “Fla-Flu… E as Multidões Despertaram”, de Nélson Rodrigues e Mário Filho (Edição Europa, 1987).
- ↑ 55.0 55.1 http://www.fluzao.info/
- ↑ http://flusocio.com.br/blog/2009/05/13/idas-e-vindas-de-fluminense-x-corinthians/
- ↑ http://jornalheiros.blogspot.com/2011/06/recordar-e-viver-invasao-corintiana-em.html
- ↑ "Goleiros" (in Portuguese). Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=52&Itemid=87. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- ↑ "Laterais" (in Portuguese). Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=65&Itemid=88. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- ↑ "Zagueiros". Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=66&Itemid=89. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- ↑ [hj57j67j6y5uje "Volantes"]. Fluminense Football Club. hj57j67j6y5uje. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- ↑ "Meias" (in Portuguese). Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=68&Itemid=91. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- ↑ "Atacantes" (in Portuguese67j6uj). Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=69&Itemid=92. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- ↑ "Chefe do departamento médico do Fluminense é demitido" (in Portuguese). globoesporte.com. 2009-08-28. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Times/Fluminense/0,,MUL1283961-9866,00-CHEFE+DO+DEPARTAMENTO+MEDICO+DO+FLUMINENSE+E+DEMITIDO.html.
- ↑ "Michael Simoni muito perto de voltar ao Fluminense" (in Portuguese). Diário LANCE!. 2009-09-04. http://lancenet.com.br/fluminense/noticias/09-09-04/612136.stm.
- ↑ "Tote Menezes não é mais vice de futebol do Fluminense" (in Portuguese). Jornal O Globo. 2009-09-03. http://oglobo.globo.com/esportes/brasileiro2009/mat/2009/09/03/tote-menezes-nao-mais-vice-de-futebol-do-fluminense-767449176.asp.
- ↑ "Horcades pode sofrer impeachment no Fluminense" (in Portuguese). Diário LANCE!. 2009-09-02. http://www.lancenet.com.br/fluminense/noticias/09-09-02/610125.stm.
- ↑ "Parreira happy to be home". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). http://www.fifa.com/worldfootball/clubfootball/news/newsid=1039452.html. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- ↑ "New Fluminense football kits 2009-10". myfootballkits.co.uk. http://www.myfootballkits.co.uk/420/new-fluminese-football-kits-2009-10/. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- ↑ "Seoul Olympic Tournament 1984". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssf.com/tabless/seoulolympicstadium84.html. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- ↑ "Trofeo Teresa Herrera 1977". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssf.com/tablest/teresa-herrera.html#77. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- ↑ Main Titles of Fluminense Footbaal Club in RSSSF
- ↑ RSSSF
- ↑ "FLUMEMÓRIA - HISTÓRIA - Ídolos" (in Portuguese). Fluminense Football Club. http://www.fluminense.com.br/memoria_historiaidolos.asp. Retrieved 2009-12-04.[dead link]
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Fluminense Football Club|
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- Official Website (English)
- Flickr: Fluminense Oficial's Photostream - Downloadable Fluminense Photos (English)
- Fluminense Football Club News at Sambafoot.com (English)
- Fluminense F.C. Page at Goal.com (English)
- Official Fluminense F.C. Facebook Fan Page (English)
- Fluminense F.C. Fan Page at Soccerway (English)
- Statistics on major competitions (Portuguese)
- Statistics on all matches between 1902 and 2006 (Portuguese)
- NETFLU - Hourly News about Fluminense Football Club (Portuguese)
- YOUNG FLU - Most Famous Organized Fans Fan Page (Portuguese)
- Statistics on the 2009 Série A championship (Portuguese)
- Fluminense F.C. Daily news in Portuguese (Portuguese)
- Fluminense Uruguay Fan Page (Spanish)
- Official Fluminense Football Club Page at FIFA(English)
- Fluminense Football Club Page at ESPN Global(English)
- Fluminense F.C. at Page The World Game: News,Results & Tables(English)
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