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Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
150px
Countries Brazil
Confederation CONMEBOL
Founded August 23, 1959
August 7, 1971 (in its current format)
Number of teams 20
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to Campeonato Brasileiro Série B
Domestic cup(s) Copa do Brasil
International cup(s) Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current champions Fluminense (4th title)
(2012)
Most championships Santos
Palmeiras
(8 titles each)
TV partners Rede Globo
Band
SporTV
Premiere FC (pay-per-view)
Fox Sports (only highlights and VTs)
Website Official Site
33px 2012 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A

The Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɛɾji ˈa]), popularly known as the Brasileirão (pronounced: [bɾazilejˈɾɐ̃w]), is a professional football league at the top of the Brazilian football league system held annually since 1959. Contested by twenty clubs, it operates a system of promotion and relegation with the Série B. The season runs from May to December of the same year, with teams playing 38 matches each, totalling 380 matches in the season. Due to sponsorship reasons, the league is known as the Brasileirão Petrobras.

Due to historical peculiarities and the large geographical size of the country, Brazil has a relatively short history of nation-wide football competitions. The modern Campeonato Brasileiro only started in 1971, supported by the military regime of the time and made easier by the advancements in civil aviation and air transport. Before the establishment of a national league the most prestigious football competitions in Brazil were the state leagues, notably the Campeonato Paulista and Campeonato Carioca state championships (the tournaments of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states). Most state competitions have a much longer history than the national competition and, consequently, the various state leagues were considered more prestigious than the national league during the first years.

Since 1959, seventeen clubs have been crowned Brazilian football champions. The current champions are Fluminense, who won the 2012 season.

HistoryEdit

Tournament names[1]
Taça Brasil 1959–1968
Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa 1967–1970
Campeonato Nacional de Clubes 1971–1974
Copa Brasil 1975–1980
Taça de Ouro 1981–1983
Copa Brasil (again) 1984–1986
Copa União 1987–1988
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 1989–1999
Copa João Havelange 2000
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (again) 2001–Today

Between 1959 and 1970, two national championships existed to define the Brazilian champions and to provide Brazilian representatives to Copa Libertadores. These were the Taça Brasil (1959–1968) and the Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (1967–1970).

The current Campeonato Brasileiro was created in 1971 using the structure of Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa. The system used until 1987 was similar to FIFA World Cup or UEFA Champions League: the best clubs of each State Championship were separated in several small groups. Then the best of each group played the play-offs. But every year some aspects of format, number of entrants and rules changed.

In 1979, all big clubs from São Paulo, except Palmeiras, withdrew from competition. They protested against the odd system of tier qualification which made their rivals, Palmeiras and Guarani, enter only in the final phase (due to their being previous-year finalists) and also asking for the same privileges. Indeed oddly enough, Guarani finished in the top 12 playing only 3 games and Palmeiras finished third despite playing only 5 games in a tournament with 96 entrants.

In 1984, Juventus, a small club from São Paulo, managed to qualify for the Série A. Participants of that year could be promoted from and relegated to Série B in the middle of the tournament. Juventus thus started the tournament in the premiership, was relegated in the middle of the tournament but eventually managed to clinch the Série B title. Despite this the team was not promoted to Série A in the following year and failed to qualify to it from the state championship.

In 1987, the CBF announced it had no financial conditions to organize the Brazilian football championship, a mere few weeks before it was scheduled to begin. But the Confederation said that he would try to a sponsor or agreement with the clubs for they finance themselves with travel, without an agreement, would be a tournament regionalised. As a result, the thirteen most popular football clubs in Brazil created a league, dubbed the Club of the 13, to organize a championship of their own. This tournament was called Copa União and was run by the 16 clubs that eventually took part in it (Santa Cruz, Coritiba and Goiás were invited to join), completely without the permission of CBF and contradicting (a move not unlike the creation of club-administered leagues in Europe). Further to reconcile the interests of CBF with Club of the 13, Copa União would be called Green Module and Copa Brasil, call Module Yellow at the end there should be a cross between the champions and vices from both modules(groups) for both teams decide just who the two representatives of Brazil would dispute the Copa Libertadores in 1988. Flamengo and Internacional eliminated by W.O. not presented by the dates set, abdicated up to participate. Sport and Guarani did in the final two games that enshrined the Sport as Brazilian champion of 1987. Officially by CBF: Yellow Module, 16 clubs + Green Module, 16 clubs = Brazilian Championship 1987, 32 clubs.

In 1999, an averaging relegation system similar to the one used in the Primera División Argentina was adopted. The two clubs with the worst point results in the first stage of the two previous seasons were to be relegated. However, this system only lasted for a single season. During the first stage it was discovered that one player was registered with false documents. Due to this scandal CBF decided to punish the player's team cancelling the games in which this player took part. Due to this, the average points of some clubs were changed so one club lost positions and was relegated. This club immediately sued CBF, so this institution was prevented to host 2000 Brasileirão. In light of this, Clube dos 13 organized the championship of that year.

Before 2003, the format of Série A changed almost every year; for specifics, see Campeonato Brasileiro tournament scheduling. Since 2003, the Série A has been contested in a double round-robin format and the team with most points is declared champion. There is no final match, which is a very controversial subject. Prior to 2003, the Brazilian championship had traditionally been decided with some type of playoff format (most commonly the "Octagonal", where the top 8 regular season teams comprise a single elimination tournament), rather than the European model of points accumulation over a season. Although some purists complain that this system lacks the dramatic scenes of playoffs and finals, the competition has so far shown to be well balanced, without a small number of clubs dominating the league, a phenomenon often found in many European leagues.

Eleven matches of the 2005 competition were annulled due to a match-fixing scandal and had to be replayed.

For the 2006 season, the number of contestants was reduced to 20 and CBF claims it to be the "definitive" format. In 2006, a limit on the number of foreign players was set, such that no team can have more than three foreign players on the field or on the bench in a single match. The seasons with the largest number of entrants of the competition were: 2000 (116 entrants), 1979 (94 entrants) and 1986 (80 entrants).

In 2010, CBF decided to recognize the champions of the defuncts Taça Brasil and Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa as Brazilian Champions.

TV partnersEdit


22x20px Premiere FC
22x20px Rede Globo
22x20px Rede Bandeirantes
22x20px SporTV
22x20px Fox Sports
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px ESPN Latin America
22x20px GolTV (Canada)
22x20px ESPN Deportes
22x20px GOL TV
22x20px SuperSport Albania
22x20px Sporting Telenet
22x20px Canal+
22x20px Sportdigital.tv
22x20px Nova Sports
22x20px Sportklub
22x20px Sportitalia
22x20px Sport1
22x20px Sportklub
22x20px Sportklub
22x20px Sportklub
22x20px Digital+Futbol
22x20px Lig TV
22x20px ESPN UK
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Dowaly Center
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Ten Sports
22x20px CCTV5
22x20px TV Tokyo
22x20px Starhub Media
22x20px Al Jazeera Sports
22x20px Super Sport
22x20px Super Sport


Competition formatEdit

Twenty clubs compete in the Série A. Since the 2003 season, the league began using a double round-robin format as the competition format. Each team plays the other clubs twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 38 games. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and zero for a loss. Teams are ranked by points, with the team with the most points at the end of the season crowned the champion. If teams are tied in points, wins then goal difference determine the ranking. The four lowest teams in the rankings are relegated to the Série B.

International qualificationEdit

The top four teams in rankings qualify for the following season's Copa Libertadores. Teams ranked 1 to 3 enter in the Second Stage, with the team ranked 4 entering in the First Stage. The next eight teams in the rankings qualify to the following season's Copa Sudamericana, with all those teams entering in the Second Stage. Should any of the qualified teams win the Copa do Brasil in the same season, their berths are awarded to the next ranked teams.

Awards and trophiesEdit

Prêmio Craque do Brasileirão is the league's official award. Placar magazine's Bola de Ouro is the oldest award, while the Troféu Osmar Santos and the Troféu João Saldanha are awards given by the newspaper Lance!.

2013 clubsEdit

Team City Stadium Capacity[2]
Atlético Mineiro Belo Horizonte Independência 23,018
Atlético Paranaense Curitiba Arena da Baixada 32,864
Bahia Salvador Pituaçu / Fonte Nova 32,157 / 56,500 *
Botafogo Rio de Janeiro Engenhão 45,000
Criciúma Criciúma Heriberto Hülse 28,749
Corinthians São Paulo Pacaembu / Arena Corinthians (2013) 37,730 / 68,000 *
Coritiba Curitiba Couto Pereira 34,872
Cruzeiro Belo Horizonte Independência / Mineirão 23,018 / 75,783 *
Flamengo Rio de Janeiro Engenhão / Maracanã (2013) 45,000 / 78,838 *
Fluminense Rio de Janeiro Engenhão / Maracanã (2013) 45,000 / 78,838 *
Goiás Goiânia Serra Dourada 41,574
Grêmio Porto Alegre Arena Grêmio 60,700
Internacional Porto Alegre Beira-Rio (2013) 56,000 / 60,800 *
Náutico Recife Aflitos / Arena Pernambuco (2013) 19,800 / 46,154 *
Ponte Preta Campinas Moisés Lucarelli 17,728
Portuguesa São Paulo Canindé 21,004
Santos Santos Vila Belmiro 16,798
São Paulo São Paulo Morumbi 67,428
Vasco da Gama Rio de Janeiro São Januário 24,585
Vitória Salvador Barradão 35,632

(*) After Inauguration.

List of Brazilian football championsEdit

Club Titles Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Palmeiras 8 1960, 1967, 1967, 1969, 1972, 1973, 1993, 1994
Santos 8 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1968, 2002, 2004
São Paulo 6 1977, 1986, 1991, 2006, 2007, 2008
Flamengo 5 1980, 1982, 1983, 1992, 2009
Corinthians 5 1990, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2011
Fluminense 4 1970, 1984, 2010, 2012
Vasco 4 1974, 1989, 1997, 2000
Internacional 3 1975, 1976, 1979
Bahia 2 1959, 1988
Cruzeiro 2 1966, 2003
Botafogo 2 1968, 1995
Grêmio 2 1981, 1996
Atlético Mineiro 1 1971
Guarani 1 1978
Sport 1 1987
Coritiba 1 1985
Atlético Paranaense 1 2001

PlayersEdit

All-time most appearances in the Série A
RankPlayerApps
1 22x20px Rogério Ceni 474
2 22x20px Zinho 369
3 22x20px Clemer 368
4 22x20px Ramon 367
5 22x20px Fábio 361
6 22x20px Paulo Baier 355
7 22x20px Harlei 347
8 22x20px Leonardo Moura 344
9 22x20px Cléber 337
10 22x20px Wladimir 330
(Italics denotes players still playing professional football)
(bold denotes players still playing in the Brazilian Série A).[3]

All-time top scorers in the Série A
RankPlayerGoals
1 22x20px Roberto Dinamite 190
2 22x20px Romário 154
3 22x20px Edmundo 153
4 22x20px Zico 135
5 22x20px Túlio 129
6 22x20px Serginho Chulapa 127
7 22x20px Washington 125
8 22x20px Dadá Maravilha 113
9 22x20px Pelé 100
10 22x20px Ramon 98
(Italics denotes players still playing professional football)
(bold denotes players still playing in te Brazilian Série A).[3]

Best attendancesEdit

# Attendance Home Score Visitor Stadium Date
1 155.523 Flamengo 3–0 Santos Estádio do Maracanã May 29, 1983
2 154.335 Flamengo 3–2 Atlético-MG Estádio do Maracanã June 1, 1980
3 146.043 Fluminense 1–1 Corinthians Estádio do Maracanã December 5, 1976
4 138.107 Flamengo 1–1 Grêmio Estádio do Maracanã April 4, 1982
5 135.487 Botafogo 3–1 Flamengo Estádio do Maracanã April 19, 1981
6 128.781 Fluminense 0–0 Vasco Estádio do Maracanã May 27, 1984
7 122.001 Botafogo 2–2 Flamengo Estádio do Maracanã July 19, 1992
8 121.353 Flamengo 1–1 Vasco Estádio do Maracanã May 8, 1983
9 120.441 Flamengo 2–1 Guarani Estádio do Maracanã April 11, 1982
10 118.777 Vasco 2–2 Internacional-RS Estádio do Maracanã July 28, 1974
11 118.370 Fluminense 0–0 Corinthians Estádio do Maracanã May 20, 1984
12 118.162 Flamengo 1–0 Atlético-MG Estádio do Maracanã November 29, 1987
13 117.353 Botafogo 0–0 Flamengo Estádio do Maracanã April 16, 1981
14 115.002 Corinthians 4–1 Flamengo Morumbi May 6, 1984
15 114.481 Santos 2–1 Flamengo Morumbi May 12, 1983
16 113.479 Atlético-MG 0–0 Santos Mineirão May 15, 1983
17 113.286 Corinthians 2–1 Internacional-RS Morumbi November 21, 1976
18 112.993 Vasco 2–1 Cruzeiro Estádio do Maracanã August 1, 1974
19 112.403 Fluminense 1–1 Atlético-MG Estádio do Maracanã December 20, 1970
20 112.047 Flamengo 1–4 Palmeiras Estádio do Maracanã December 9, 1979
21 111.260 Flamengo 2–1 Vasco Estádio do Maracanã May 5, 1983
22 111.111 Santos 3–2 Flamengo Morumbi February 27, 1983
23 110.877 Vasco 3–0 Grêmio Estádio do Maracanã May 19, 1984
24 110.438 Bahia 2–1 Fluminense Fonte Nova February 12, 1989

Sources: UOL[4][5] Placar magazine - Guia do Brasileirão 2010[6] and GloboEsporte.com Website.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit


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ar:الدوري البرازيلي لكرة القدم

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