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CONCACAF Champions League
File:CONCACAF CL logo.png
Founded 1962 (Champions Cup)
2008 (Champions League)
Region North America,
Central America, Caribbean
(CONCACAF)
Number of teams 24
Current champions 22x20px Monterrey (2nd title)
Most successful club(s) 22x20px Cruz Azul
22x20px Club América
(5 titles each)
Website CONCACAF Champions League
33px 2012–13 Champions League

The CONCACAF Champions League (Spanish: Concacaf Liga Campeones; French: Ligue des champions de la CONCACAF) is the annual international club football championship for teams from the CONCACAF region (North America, Central America, and the Caribbean). The winner of the CONCACAF Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup.

Prior to 2008, the top-level competition for CONCACAF club teams was the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, sometimes called simply the Champions' Cup. The tournament was played in a variety of formats over the years. In 2008, CONCACAF announced a change in both name and format, inviting twenty-four teams to participate in a preliminary round, group stage, and knockout tournament called the CONCACAF Champions' League.

Between 2008–09 and 2011–12, the tournament was played as a twenty-four team tournament with a preliminary round, followed by a sixteen-team group stage (four groups of four), followed by an eight-team home-and-away single-elimination tournament. In early 2012, CONCACAF announced a new format for the 2012–2013 CONCACAF Champions' League. Under the new format, the preliminary round would be eliminated, and group play would consist of eight groups of three teams each, with each group winner advancing to the quarterfinals.

The title has been won by 27 different clubs, 11 of which have won the title more than once. The all-time record-holders are Cruz Azul and América, who have won the competition five times each. Mexico's Primera División is, by far, the most successful league, amassing 27 wins in the tournament. Until 2011, when Major League Soccer team Real Salt Lake reached the finals, each CONCACAF Champions League final had been an all-Mexican affair. The Mexican Primera División also holds the record for most appearances in the final of both the Champions Cup and Champions League as well as the highest number of winning clubs.

In the Champions' Cup era, the second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División, while in the Champions League era, the second most successful league has been the United States and Canada's Major League Soccer.

History Edit

Champions' Cup era (1962–2008)Edit

File:CONCACAF CC logo.png

The competition's former format, a knockout tournament called the Champions' Cup, was played under a variety of formats. The last format, used from 2004 to 2008, had eight teams competing – four from the North American zone (two from Mexico, two from the United States/Canada), three from the Central American zone, and one from the Caribbean zone. Since 2005, the champion of the competition also gained entry into the FIFA Club World Cup, giving clubs an added incentive for a strong participation and greater interest from fans. Also, the Champions' Cup Runner-up would be one of the three CONCACAF invitees to the Copa Sudamericana.

Champions League era (2008–present)Edit

The CONCACAF Executive Committee at their 2006 November meeting decided to "act upon" a proposal at their next meeting by the CONCACAF Secretariat to develop the CONCACAF Champions’ Cup into a larger "Champions League" style event. The CONCACAF Executive Committee reported on November 14, 2007 some of the details.[1] The previous Champions' Cup format was used as planned in the Spring of 2008. Then, a newly expanded Champions League tournament was conducted starting in August 2008 and concluding in May 2009. The setup involves 24 teams initially and features a Preliminary Round contested by some of the teams to reduce the field to 16 teams, which are separated into 4 groups of four teams.[1][2] After the Group Stage, the Championship Round are held from the Quarterfinal Round onward.

Qualifying Edit

The current format features 24 teams in total.

From the North American Zone:

4 clubs from 22x20px Mexico
4 clubs from the 22x20px United States
1 club from 22x20px Canada

From the Central American Zone:

2 clubs from 22x20px Costa Rica
2 clubs from 22x20px El Salvador
2 clubs from 22x20px Guatemala
2 clubs from 22x20px Honduras
2 clubs from 22x20px Panama
1 club from 22x20px Nicaragua
1 club from 22x20px Belize

From the Caribbean Zone:

3 clubs, qualifying via the CFU Club Championship.[3]

The four teams qualifying from the United States are the two MLS Cup finalists, the winner of the MLS Supporters' Shield (awarded to the team with the best regular season record), and the winner of the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup. Should the same team qualify multiple times and/or should a Canadian team occupy one or more of the MLS qualifying places, then the American MLS team(s) with the best regular season records not otherwise qualified will be entered.

The team qualifying from Canada is the winner of the Amway Canadian Championship.

Stadium standards Edit

If a club fails to meet the standards for its home stadium (all-seater stadium), this club must find a suitable stadium in its own country. If said club fails to provide the adequate facilities, it will run the risk of being replaced.[4]

  • Central America: If one or more of the twelve Central American clubs is precluded, it will be supplanted by a club from the best Central American league, based on results from the current Champions League.
  • Caribbean: If any Caribbean club is precluded, it will be supplanted by the club who finished 4th in the CFU Club Championship.

Format Edit

New for the 2012-13 format, all 24 teams in the event will be drawn straight into the group stage. Each of the eight groups will have three teams. United States and Mexican sides cannot be drawn into the same group. Each group winner will then advance to the quarterfinals, which proceed unchanged from previous versions of the event.

Finals Edit

Year CONCACAF Champions Cup era
Winner Score Runner-up
1962
Details
Guadalajara 22x20px 1 – 0 / 5 – 0
Aggregate 6 – 0
22x20px Comunicaciones
1963
Details
Haïtien 22x20px (2) 22x20px Guadalajara
1967
Details
Alianza 22x20px 1 – 2 / 3 – 0
Aggregate 4 – 2
22x20px Jong Colombia
1968
Details
Deportivo Toluca 22x20px (2)
1969
Details
Cruz Azul 22x20px 0 – 0 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 1 – 0
22x20px Comunicaciones
1970
Details
Cruz Azul 22x20px (2)
1971
Details
Cruz Azul 22x20px (1) 22x20px Alajuelense
1972
Details
Olimpia 22x20px 0 – 0 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 0
22x20px Robinhood
1973
Details
Transvaal 22x20px (2)
1974
Details
Municipal 22x20px 2 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
22x20px Transvaal
1975
Details
Atlético Español 22x20px 2 – 0 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 3 – 1
22x20px Transvaal
1976
Details
Águila 22x20px 6 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 8 – 2
22x20px Robinhood
1977
Details
América 22x20px 1 – 0 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 1 – 0
22x20px Robinhood
1978
Details
Universidad de Guadalajara 22x20px
Comunicaciones 22x20px
Defence Force 22x20px
(3)
1979
Details
FAS 22x20px 1 – 0 / 8 – 0
Aggregate 9 – 0
22x20px Jong Colombia
1980
Details
UNAM 22x20px (1) 22x20px Universidad
1981
Details
Transvaal 22x20px 1 – 0 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
22x20px Atlético Marte
1982
Details
UNAM 22x20px 0 – 0 / 3 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
22x20px Robinhood
1983
Details
Atlante 22x20px 1 – 1 / 5 – 0
Aggregate 6 – 1
22x20px Robinhood
1984
Details
Violette 22x20px (2)
1985
Details
Defence Force 22x20px 2 – 0 / 0 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
22x20px Olimpia
1986
Details
Alajuelense 22x20px 4 – 1 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 5 – 2
22x20px Transvaal
1987
Details
América 22x20px 1 – 1 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 3 – 1
22x20px Defence Force
1988
Details
Olimpia 22x20px 2 – 0 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 4 – 0
22x20px Defence Force
1989
Details
UNAM 22x20px 1 – 1 / 3 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
22x20px FC Pinar del Río
1990
Details
América 22x20px 2 – 2 / 6 – 0
Aggregate 8 – 2
22x20pxFC Pinar del Río
1991
Details
Puebla 22x20px 3 – 1 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
22x20px Police FC
1992
Details
América 22x20px 1 – 0 22x20px Alajuelense
1993
Details
Saprissa 22x20px (1) 22x20px León
1994
Details
Cartaginés 22x20px 3 – 2 22x20px Atlante
1995
Details
Saprissa 22x20px (1) 22x20px Municipal
1996
Details
Cruz Azul 22x20px (1) 22x20px Necaxa
1997
Details
Cruz Azul 22x20px 5 – 3 22x20px Los Angeles Galaxy
1998
Details
D.C. United 22x20px 1 – 0 22x20px Deportivo Toluca
1999
Details
Necaxa 22x20px 2 – 1 22x20px Alajuelense
2000
Details
Los Angeles Galaxy 22x20px 3 – 2 22x20px Olimpia
2002
Details
Pachuca 22x20px 1 – 0 22x20px Monarcas Morelia
2003
Details
Deportivo Toluca 22x20px 3 – 3 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 5 – 4
22x20px Monarcas Morelia
2004
Details
Alajuelense 22x20px 1 – 1 / 4 – 0
Aggregate 5 – 1
22x20px Saprissa
2005
Details
Saprissa 22x20px 2 – 0 / 1 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
22x20px UNAM
2006
Details
América 22x20px 0 – 0 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
22x20px Deportivo Toluca
2007
Details
Pachuca 22x20px 2 – 2 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 2
7–6p
22x20px Guadalajara
2008
Details
Pachuca 22x20px 1 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 3 – 2
22x20px Saprissa
Season CONCACAF Champions League era
Winner Score Runner-up
2008-09 Atlante 22x20px 2 – 0 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 0
22x20px Cruz Azul
2009-10 Pachuca 22x20px 1 – 2 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 2
22x20px Cruz Azul
2010-11 Monterrey 22x20px 2 – 2 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 3 – 2
22x20px Real Salt Lake
2011-12 Monterrey 22x20px 2 – 0 / 1 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
22x20px Santos Laguna
2012-13 Tournament in progress
2013-14 Qualification in progress

<div id="1" />1 No final match was held; the championship was decided by a final round. <div id="2" />2 Championship won due to withdrawal and/or disqualification of all other teams. <div id="3" />3 Universidad de Guadalajara, Comunicaciones and Defence Force were all declared joint winners after the final tournament was cancelled due to administrative problems and disagreements on match dates.

Records and statistics Edit

Main article: CONCACAF Champions' Cup and Champions League records and statistics

Top-ten clubs Edit

Rank Team Wins Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
1 22x20px Cruz Azul 5 2 1969, 1970, 1971, 1996, 1997 2009, 2010
2 22x20px América 5 0 1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006
3 22x20px Pachuca 4 0 2002, 2007, 2008, 2010
4 22x20px Saprissa 3 2 1993, 1995, 2005 2004, 2008
5 22x20px UNAM 3 1 1980, 1982, 1989 2005
6 22x20px Transvaal 2 3 1973, 1981 1974, 1975, 1986
22x20px Alajuelense 2 3 1986, 2004 1971, 1992, 1999
8 22x20px Toluca 2 2 1968, 2003 1998, 2006
22x20px Olimpia 2 2 1972, 1988 1985, 2000
22x20px Defence Force 2 2 1978, 1985 1987, 1988

Top-ten countries Edit

Rank Country Winner Runner-up Winners Runners-up
1 22x20px Mexico 28 13 Cruz Azul (5), América (5), Pachuca (4), UNAM (3), Toluca (2), Atlante (2), Monterrey (2), Guadalajara (1), Necaxa (1), Puebla (1), Universidad de Guadalajara (1), Español (1) Guadalajara (2), Cruz Azul (2), Deportivo Toluca (2), Monarcas Morelia (2), UNAM (1), Necaxa (1), Atlante (1), León (1), Santos (1)
2 22x20px Costa Rica 6 5 Saprissa (3), Alajuelense (2), Cartaginés (1) Alajuelense (3), Saprissa (2)
3 22x20px El Salvador 3 1 Alianza (1), Águila (1), FAS (1) Atlético Marte (1)
4 22x20px Suriname 2 8 Transvaal (2) Robinhood (5), Transvaal (3)
5 22x20px Guatemala 2 3 Municipal (1), Comunicaciones (1) Comunicaciones (2), Municipal (1)
22x20px Honduras 2 3 Olimpia (2) Olimpia (2), Universidad (1)
22x20px Trinidad and Tobago 2 3 Defence Force (2) Defence Force (2), Police FC (1)
8 22x20px United States 2 2 D.C. United (1), Los Angeles Galaxy (1) Los Angeles Galaxy (1), Real Salt Lake (1)
9 22x20px Haiti 2 0 Haïtien (1), Violette (1)
10 22x20px Cuba 0 2 Pinar del Río (2)
22x20px Curaçao 0 2 Jong Colombia (2)

Top countries (Champions League era: 2008-present) Edit

Rank Country Winner Runner-up Semi-finalist Winners Runners-up Semi-finalists
1 22x20px Mexico 4 3 5 Monterrey (2012, 2011),
Pachuca (2010), Atlante (2009)
Cruz Azul (2010, 2009), Santos (2012) UNAM (2012, 2010), Cruz Azul (2011), Toluca (2010), Santos (2009)
2 22x20px United States 0 1 0 Real Salt Lake (2011)
3 22x20px Canada 0 0 1 Toronto FC (2012)
4 22x20px Costa Rica 0 0 1 C.D. Saprissa (2011)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External links Edit


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ca:Lliga de Campions de la CONCACAF

cs:Liga mistrů CONCACAF da:CONCACAF Champions League de:CONCACAF Champions League es:Concacaf Liga Campeones fr:Ligue des champions de la CONCACAF gl:Liga de Campións da CONCACAF ko:CONCACAF 챔피언스리그 id:Liga Champions CONCACAF it:CONCACAF Champions League lt:CONCACAF Čempionų lyga hu:CONCACAF-bajnokok ligája nl:CONCACAF Champions League ja:CONCACAFチャンピオンズリーグ no:CONCACAFs mesterliga pl:Liga Mistrzów CONCACAF pt:Liga dos Campeões da CONCACAF ru:Лига чемпионов КОНКАКАФ fi:CONCACAF Champions League sv:CONCACAF Champions League tr:CONCACAF Şampiyonlar Ligi uk:Ліга чемпіонів КОНКАКАФ zh:中北美洲及加勒比海聯賽冠軍盃

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